文章摘要
宋倩倩,赵涵,方立群,刘玮,郑创,张勇.新型冠状病毒肺炎的早期传染病流行病学参数估计研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,,():461-465
新型冠状病毒肺炎的早期传染病流行病学参数估计研究
Study on assessing early epidemiological parameters of coronavirus disease epidemic in China
投稿时间:2020-02-05  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200205-00069
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒;潜伏期;世代间隔;基本再生数
英文关键词: Novel coronavirus;Incubation period;Generation interval;Basic reproduction number
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11501035)
作者单位E-mail
宋倩倩 北京师范大学数学科学学院 100875  
赵涵 北京师范大学数学科学学院 100875  
方立群 军事医学研究院微生物流行病研究所, 北京 100071  
刘玮 军事医学研究院微生物流行病研究所, 北京 100071  
郑创 北京师范大学数学科学学院 100875  
张勇 北京师范大学数学科学学院 100875 zhangyong@bnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究截至2020年1月31日新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情的早期流行动态,估计该疫情的基本再生数(R0)、潜伏期和世代间隔等流行病学参数。方法 使用威布尔、伽马和对数正态分布拟合从报告病例信息中获取的潜伏期和世代间隔数据的概率分布,采用Akaike信息准则确定最优模型。考虑到疫情还在流行中,应用指数增长模型拟合了2020年1月15-31日的疫情数据,并利用指数增长法、最大似然法和SEIR模型估计R0结果 截至2020年1月26日早期疫情最遵循指数增长模式,随后增长趋势有所减缓。平均潜伏期为5.01(95%CI:4.31~5.69)d;平均世代间隔为6.03(95%CI:5.20~6.91)d。3种方法估计的R0分别为3.74(95%CI:3.63~3.87),3.16(95%CI:2.90~3.43)和3.91(95%CI:3.71~4.11)。结论 世代间隔和潜伏期都更符合伽马分布,世代间隔均值比潜伏期均值长1.02 d;R0较高,疫情形势较为严峻;1月26日是疫情动态的一个转折点,之后疫情增长趋势有所减缓。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the early dynamics of the epidemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China from 15 to 31 January, 2020, and estimate the corresponding epidemiological parameters (incubation period, generation interval and basic reproduction number) of the epidemic. Methods By means of Weibull, Gamma and Lognormal distributions methods, we estimated the probability distribution of the incubation period and generation interval data obtained from the reported COVID-19 cases. Moreover, the AIC criterion was used to determine the optimal distribution. Considering the epidemic is ongoing, the exponential growth model was used to fit the incidence data of COVID-19 from 10 to 31 January, 2020, and exponential growth method, maximum likelihood method and SEIR model were used to estimate the basic reproduction number. Results Early COVID-19 cases kept an increase in exponential growth manner before 26 January, 2020, then the increase trend became slower. The average incubation period was 5.01 (95%CI: 4.31-5.69) days; the average generation interval was 6.03 (95%CI: 5.20-6.91) days. The basic reproduction number was estimated to be 3.74 (95%CI: 3.63-3.87), 3.16 (95%CI: 2.90-3.43), and 3.91 (95%CI: 3.71-4.11) by three methods, respectively. Conclusions The Gamma distribution fits both the generation interval and incubation period best, and the mean value of generation interval is 1.02 day longer than that of incubation period. The relatively high basic reproduction number indicates that the epidemic is still serious; Based on our analysis, the turning point of the epidemic would be seen on 26 January, the growth rate would be lower afterwards.
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