文章摘要
李雪秋,蔡文锋,黄丽芬,陈纯,刘于飞,张周斌,袁俊,李铁钢,王鸣.广州市2003年重症急性呼吸综合征与2020年新型冠状病毒肺炎流行特征对比分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,,():634-637
广州市2003年重症急性呼吸综合征与2020年新型冠状病毒肺炎流行特征对比分析
Comparison of epidemic characteristics between SARS in2003 and COVID-19 in 2020 in Guangzhou
收稿日期:2020-02-28  出版日期:2020-03-10
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200228-00209
中文关键词: 重症急性呼吸综合征;新型冠状病毒肺炎;流行特征;防控效果
英文关键词: SARS;COVID-19;Epidemic characteristics;Control effect
基金项目:广东省医学科学技术研究基金项目(C2018036);广州市科技计划项目(201707010451);广州市医学重点项目(20181A031002);广东省自然基金项目(2019A1515011407)
作者单位E-mail
李雪秋 广州市胸科医院 510095  
蔡文锋 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440  
黄丽芬 广州市第八人民医院 510000  
陈纯 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440  
刘于飞 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440  
张周斌 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440  
袁俊 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440  
李铁钢 广州市胸科医院 510095 tiegang1977@126.com 
王鸣 广州市疾病预防控制中心 510440 wangming@gzcdc.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 通过对广州市2003年重症急性呼吸综合征(SARS)疫情以及2020年新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)疫情病例流行病学、临床特征等关键指标对比分析,探讨2种疾病的流行特征、相关指标异同的原因,为疫情防控提供参考。方法 收集2种传染病在广州市流行期间确诊病例的一般情况、临床分类、活动史、接触史、家庭成员接触及发病情况,对2种疾病的时间特征、职业特征、年龄特征以及其他关键指标进行描述性分析,分析指标包括发病数、构成比(%)、均数、中位数、粗病死率等。结果 SARS(2003)纳入研究1 072例,报告重症353例,发生率为30.13%;报告死亡43例,病死率为4.01%;平均年龄38岁;医务人员病例占26.31%;从首次报告到持续零报间隔129 d。COVID-19(2020)纳入研究346例,报告重症病例58例,发生率为16.76%;报告死亡1例,病死率为0.29%;平均年龄46岁,未发生医务人员院感事件;从首次报告到持续零报间隔35 d。结论 广州市对COVID-19(2020)的防控效果优于SARS(2003),应急响应的措施值得评价和总结。
英文摘要:
      Objective By analyzing the epidemic characteristics and related indicators of SARS (2003) and COVID-19(2020), to explore the reasons for the similarities and differences of the two epidemics, so as to provide reference for epidemic prevention and control. Methods The general situation, clinical classification, activity history, contact history, family members' contact and incidence of the two infectious diseases in Guangzhou were collected and used to analyze the time characteristics, occupational characteristics, age characteristics and other key indicators of the two diseases, including the number of cases, composition ratio (%), mean, median, crude mortality, etc.Results A total of 1 072 cases of SARS (2003) were included in the study. 353 of which were severe cases with the incidence of 30.13%. 43 cases of death were reported with a mortality rate of 4.01%. The average age was 46 years old, and 26.31% of the cases were medical staff. The interval time between first report to continuous zero reports was 129 days. As to COVID-19 (2020), a total of 346 cases were included. 58 of which were severe cases with the incidence of 16.67%. One case of death was reported with a mortality rate of 0.29%. The average age was 38 years old, and no hospital infection among medical staff was reported. The interval time between first report to continuous zero reports was 35 days. Conclusions The prevention and control strategies for COVID-19 (2010) are more effective compared to that of SARS (2003), and the emergency response procedures are worth to be evaluated and summarized.
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