文章摘要
张奕,高文静,王宇,王小莉,崔淑娟,贾蕾,王全意,李立明.北京市新发地新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情相关病例的流行病学特征分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,,():
北京市新发地新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情相关病例的流行病学特征分析
Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 cases in outbreak in Xinfadi market in Beijing
收稿日期:2020-12-22  出版日期:2021-03-15
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20201222-01428
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;无症状感染者;流行病学
英文关键词: COVID-19;Asymptomatic infection;Epidemiology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(82041027)
作者单位E-mail
张奕 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心传染病地方病控制所 100013  
高文静 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病学与卫生统计学系 100191  
王宇 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心传染病地方病控制所 100013  
王小莉 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心传染病地方病控制所 100013  
崔淑娟 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心传染病地方病控制所 100013  
贾蕾 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心传染病地方病控制所 100013  
王全意 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 北京市预防医学研究中心传染病地方病控制所 100013 bjcdcxm@126.com 
李立明 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病学与卫生统计学系 100191 lmleeph@vip.163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析并比较北京市新发地疫情中新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)确诊病例与无症状感染者的流行病学特征。方法 收集并整理传染病报告信息管理系统中北京市新发地疫情中COVID-19感染者数据和流行病学调查报告资料,应用SPSS19.0软件分析并比较确诊病例和无症状感染者的流行病学特征。结果 2020年6月11日至7月10日北京市共诊断新型冠状病毒感染者368例,其中确诊病例335例(91.03%),无症状感染者33例(8.97%)。病例分布于11个区,其中丰台区病例数占总病例数的68.48%(252/368)。发病曲线呈现暴发流行模式,发病高峰为6月13日。全部感染者年龄MQR)为43(31~51)岁,无症状感染者的年龄MQR)为32(29~49)岁,低于确诊病例的年龄MQR)[43(31~52)岁],差异有统计学意义(Z=2.416,P=0.016)。感染者男女性别比1.26:1。从事餐饮及商业服务和公共场所服务的人员最多,占64.13%(236/368)。73.91%(272/368)的感染者有新发地直接暴露史。通过核酸筛查发现全部感染者的54.08%(199/368)。确诊病例中轻型和普通型病例占99.10%(332/335),无死亡病例。结论 北京市新发地疫情呈暴发流行模式,COVID-19病例以餐饮和服务业人员为主。无症状感染者的年龄低于确诊病例。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 cases, including asymptomatic cases and symptomatic cases, in the outbreak in Xinfadi market in Beijing. Methods Data and epidemiological survey reports of COVID-19 cases in Xinfadi market in Beijing were extracted from China’s Infectious Disease Information System. Epidemiological characteristics of symptomatic cases and asymptomatic cases were analyzed and compared by using software SPSS 19.0. Results From June 11 to July 10, 2020, a total of 368 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases reported in the outbreak in Xinfadi market, in which, 335 (91.03%) were symptomatic and 33 (8.97%) were asymptomatic. The cases were distributed in 11 districts, and most cases (252/368, 68.48%) were reported in Fengtai district. The incidence curve of the cases showed a typical outbreak pattern, the case number peaked on 13 June. The median age of the cases were 43 years (QR: 31-51). The asymptomatic cases (M=32, QR: 29-46) were younger than the symptomatic cases (M=43, QR: 31-52), the difference was significant (Z=2.416, P=0.016). The ratio of male to female was 1.26:1. Most cases (236/368, 64.13%) were engaged in catering service and public place service. About 73.91% of the cases(272/368)had direct exposures in Xinfadi market. About 54.08%(199/368)of cases were detected through nucleic acid testing and screening. Mild and moderate cases accounted for 99.10% (332/335) of the total cases, and no death occurred. Conclusion The COVID-19 cases in the outbreak in Xinfadi market were mainly engaged in catering service and public place service. The asymptomatic cases were younger than the symptomatic cases.
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