文章摘要
李立明.新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情后公共卫生展望[J].中华流行病学杂志,,():
新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情后公共卫生展望
Prospects of public health at COVID-19 post-pandemic stage
收稿日期:2021-04-15  出版日期:2021-04-20
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20210415-00321
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎;公共卫生;展望
英文关键词: COVID-19;Public health;Prospects
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李立明 北京大学公众健康与重大疫情防控战略研究中心/北京大学公共卫生学院 100191 lmlee@bjmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情(新冠疫情)使全社会认识到公共卫生的重要性。公共卫生关系到公众健康和社会行为规范、公共安全和社会稳定、社会经济发展、国际政治格局和国际关系以及社会治理和精细化管理等。新冠疫情使人们对公共卫生有了新启示和新定位,要改革与完善公共卫生体系,强化病原的变异监测及预警,加强传染源的早期识别与发现,关注传播途径的认知与阻断技术,加强疫苗的研制及战略技术储备,加强公共卫生人力资源建设。公共卫生是国民健康的卫士,是健康中国建设的基石,在经济社会发展中具有基础性、战略性、全局性地位,是国泰民安、国家安全与社会稳定的重要保障,公共卫生综合能力是政府现代化疾控体系建设和社会精细化管理的重要标志。现代公共卫生的新特征包括:健康影响因素与疾病病因的多元化、复杂性;国民健康改善与疾病防控、突发事件应急的社会性;健康保护、健康促进与疾病防控、突发事件应急的社区性。展望新时代公共卫生,要重点关注健康一生、环境健康及建成环境建设、融健康于万策、同一健康和全球健康问题。
英文摘要:
      The COVID-19 pandemic made the society aware of the importance for public health. Public health related to the general health for people and social behavioral model, public safety and stability, social-economic growth, International political map and relationship, and also related to governance and refined management. The COVID-19 pandemic has given people the new insight and viewpoint to public health, and the awareness of the necessity to reform and improve the public health system, to strengthen the pathogen monitoring and early warning on mutation, to strengthen the early detection and discovery of the source of infection, the cognition and blocking technology of transmission route, to strengthen vaccine development and strategic technology reserve, and to strengthen the construction of public health human resources. Public health is the guardian of people's health, the foundation of healthy China. Public health plays a fundamental, strategic and overall role in economic and social development, and also served as important guarantee for national safety, national security and social stability. The comprehensive ability of public health is an important symbol of a government's construction on modern disease control system and refined management on society. The characteristics for modern public health includes:diversity and complexity of health-related factors and disease etiology, and the community-based health protection and promotion on disease control and emergency response. To prospect the public health in the new era, we need to focus on the following problems:health of whole life span, environmental health and to build the environment, integrate health into strategies, one health and global health.
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