文章摘要
于学海,王淑玉.高血压与脑卒中相关性的前瞻性调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,1985,6(1):36-38
高血压与脑卒中相关性的前瞻性调查
A Prospective study of the Co-relation between Hypertension and Apoplexy
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-20
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于学海 北京首钢医院心血管组 
王淑玉 北京首钢医院心血管组 
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中文摘要:
      1970年对年龄在45~65岁的1,438人进行高血压普查,经五年随访1,186人,十年随访912人。结果显示高血压与脑卒中的发病密切相关,血压与脑卒中危险的增加成直接的函数(正比)关系;高血压发生脑卒中是正常人群的8.7倍,临界高血压发生脑卒中是正常人群的4.7倍,而且血压水平高比高血压持续时间长有更大的危险性。
本文还讨论了高血压与脑卒中的防治,并强调对轻型高血压的管理和系统治疗。
英文摘要:
      A general investigation of hypertension was undertaken in 1970 on 1,438 persons aged 45-65. Among them 1,186 persons were followed up in 1975, and 912 persons in 1980.
It was revealed that there was a close relation-ship between hypertension and apoplexy. The frequency of apoplexy attacks was in direct proportional to the level of blood pressure. The incidence of apoplexy in hypertensive patients was found to be 8.7 times more frequent than that in normal persons and in the boardline cases of hypertension patients with apoplexy were found to be 4.7 times move than in the normal population.Higher level of blood pressure was more risky than that of sustained duration of hypertension.
The prevention of hypertension and apoplexy was discussed in this paper. The authors emphasize the importance of supervision of mild case of hypersion and systematic treatment.
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