文章摘要
孙洪恩,黄佳良,房千庆,陆复秀,王庭秀,杨秀发.“划灶灭源”在疟疾防治中的初步应用[J].中华流行病学杂志,1985,6(4):200-202
“划灶灭源”在疟疾防治中的初步应用
Preliminary application of delimiting a boundry of endemic foci & Eliminating its Sources in Prophylaxis & Therapy for Malaria
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-22
DOI:
中文关键词: 
英文关键词: 
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作者单位
孙洪恩 青岛市卫生防疫站 
黄佳良 青岛市卫生防疫站 
房千庆 青岛市卫生防疫站 
陆复秀 青岛市卫生防疫站 
王庭秀 青岛市卫生防疫站 
杨秀发 胶南县泊里医院 
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中文摘要:
      本文通过回顾性调查,证实在疟防后期,疟疾虽然年发病率很低,但有特殊灶性规律可循。由此提出以反复清除局部疫灶为主的"划灶灭源"措施,取代全民服药及其他涉及面广、针对性差的疟防措施,并通过三个流行季节的前瞻性调查,证实收到了加快缩小疟区的明显效果。
"划灶灭源"有以下特点:对疫灶针对性强,处理范围小,节省人力、物力并便于精心反复处理;灭疟速度快,不容易出现厌战情绪;可在短期中阻断疟疾的传播或将疟疾发病率控制在不足以引起较大反复的水平。
英文摘要:
      The present retrospective survey showed that after a period of anti-malarial campaign the incidence of the disease in the endemic area fell dramatically, but some small malaria foci were still remained. Based on these findings the authors suggested that a plan for determining the delimiting boundry of endemic foci and eliminating the infective sources there replaced the population-wide taking of preventive drugs and other measures. The prospective observations in three successive epidemic seasons have proved the suggested measures in the plan have distinctly accelerated the reduction of the malaria foci. The advantages of the measures are aiming at dealing only with smaller areas, saving resources, and being easy to wipe out the disease in shorter time.
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