文章摘要
邓治铭,裴金科,雷明鼎.水族民俗引起流脑爆发流行的调查报告[J].中华流行病学杂志,1985,6(4):211-213
水族民俗引起流脑爆发流行的调查报告
Epidemiologic Survey of An Outbreak of Meningococcal Meningitis associated with the Social Custom of the Shui Minority Nationality
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-22
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作者单位
邓治铭 黔南自治州卫生防疫站 
裴金科 黔南自治州卫生防疫站 
雷明鼎 三都水族自治县卫生防疫站 
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中文摘要:
      1980年春,我国贵州省三都水族自治县,由于少数民族的风俗"开控"活动,导致大量人群流动和集中,是造成该县山区地带流脑全县范围爆发流行的主要因素。流行菌株为A群,流行面波及全县97.36%的社(镇),病情严重公社(100/10万以上)占发病公社数的97.2%。从1979年12月起至1980年3月底止,共发病1460例,发病率为667.4/10万,死亡124人,病死率为8.5%。流行高峰为1980年2月,比往年提前一个月。人群免疫力低下,16岁以上年龄组发病占36.4%。
英文摘要:
      There was an outbreak of meningococcal meningis througho ut sandu, a unique automonous county of shui minority nationality in the south of Guizhou Province. 97.36% communes and towns were involved. It was mainly caused by N. meningitidis group A, and lasted from Cec. 1979 to Mar. 1980. Its climax was in Feb. 1980 and one month earlier than previous attack. The average age of patients was elder than usual. The morbidity rate was 667.4/105 (total cases, 1,460), and the mortality rate was 8.5% (124 cases). During epidemic period the rate of carriers was as high as 55.92%,62.3% of them carried with strains of group B.The main cause of this outbreak might be a result of local social custom of the minority nationality, village fairs, leading to the close contacts with each other between people.
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