文章摘要
张兴正,朱明恕,蔡运昌,王汝奎.不同民族高血压流行病学因素的调查研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1985,6(5):281-284
不同民族高血压流行病学因素的调查研究
A Survey on Epidemiological Factors of Hypertension in Different Nationalities
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-05-22
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作者单位
张兴正 贵州省心血管病研究所 
朱明恕 贵州省心血管病研究所 
蔡运昌 贵州省心血管病研究所 
王汝奎 贵州省威宁县医院 
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中文摘要:
      本文通过对贵州省威宁县不同民族高血压抽样普查,发现回、汉、彝三民族高血压标化患病率分别为4.04%、1.51%、0.70%,三者间存在显著差异。为查明差异的主要原因及对高血压病因作一初步探索,在同一地区对三民族膳食。儿童血压及儿童发育状况作了调查。结果提示,三民族血压差异的根本原因以遗传基因的不同可能性最大,部分环境因素(如钠、钾、维生素C)可能通过遗传因素间接地发生影响。其中,儿童发育。高钾、高维生素C的摄入可能为影响彝族儿童及成人血压的主要原因,而回族则可能和遗传因素有关。
英文摘要:
      Through a random survey of various nations living in Wei-nin area of Guizhou province, the authors found the adjusted rate of hypertension in Hui, Han and Yi were 4.04%, 1.51% and 0.70%respectively.There was a significant difference among the three nations.In order to explore the main causes of the above difference and the etiology of hypertension, we investigated the diet, the blood pressure and the development of the children in the three nations in the same area.The conclusion suggested that the different genes among the three nations might be the most possible cause of the different blood pressure, and again, the enviormental factors,such as sodium, potassium and vitamin C, might also be the indirect influences through the action of the genes.It was thought that the developme nt of the children, high potassium and hign vitamin C intakes would be the principal causes of the hypertension of Yi children and adults, and there might be some relationship of the genes to Hui nations.
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