文章摘要
孙炳麟,程洪亮,汪义和,罗肃伟,王文华,孔繁平,李励,陈康凯,葛朝珍,胡水琴,陈燕燕,王一泓,焦登鳌,高荫荀.杭州市病毒性肝炎分布特征及其防制对策的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1990,11(1):12-15
杭州市病毒性肝炎分布特征及其防制对策的研究
A Study on Distribution Characteristies of Viral Hepatitis and Preventive Strategy in Hangzhou
收稿日期:1989-01-21  出版日期:2021-06-05
DOI:
中文关键词: 病毒性肝炎  流行特征
英文关键词: Viral hepatitis  Epidemic characteristic
基金项目:
作者单位
孙炳麟 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
程洪亮 杭州市卫生局 
汪义和 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
罗肃伟 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
王文华 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
孔繁平 杭州市卫生局 
李励 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
陈康凯 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
葛朝珍 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
胡水琴 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
陈燕燕 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
王一泓 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
焦登鳌 浙江医科大学 
高荫荀 浙江杭州市卫生防疫站 
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中文摘要:
      本文报道了应用前瞻性调查方法,对1987年杭州市城区、水网区、半山区和山区确诊的急性病毒性肝炎1248例血清病原学分型及流行病学调查,结果甲肝占69.71%,乙肝占7.13%,非甲非乙肝占21.96%,甲、乙肝混合感染占1.20%。城、乡均以甲肝占首位,非甲非乙肝次之。甲肝流行的主要危险因素有:①家庭使用马桶、坐坑;②接触肝炎病人;③喝生水。非甲非乙肝以肠道外传播型为主,看牙病(拔牙)是主要危险因素,在此基础上提出相应对策。
英文摘要:
      By using the method of predictive survey, 1248 cases of acute viral hepatitis, which have been definitely diagnosed, in urban district, water-net areas, semi-mountainous and mountainous areas in Hangzhou were studied for the epidemiology and serum pathogenic typing in 1987. As a result, with the mixed infection of hepatitis A and hepatitis B at the rate of 1.20%, hepatitis A 69.71%, hepatitis B 7.13% non A non B hepatitis amounted to 21.96%. In urban and rural area, the percentage of hepatitis A ranked first while that non A non B hepatitis did second. The main risky factors in epidemicity of hepatitis A were: 1) the use of commode; 2) contact with the patients with hepatitis; 3) drinking unboiled water. Hepatitis A and hepatitis B transmitted mainly in the way of extra-intestines. Seeing dentist was the main risky factor. The relevant strategy was presented on the bases of the above-mentioned data.
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