文章摘要
胡绪敬,李新武,计银铎,奚文龙,高立慧,徐丽.我国流脑周期性流行特征的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1991,12(3):136-139
我国流脑周期性流行特征的研究
Study on Periodically Prevalent Feature for Epidemic cerebrospinal Meningitis in China
收稿日期:1990-02-01  出版日期:2021-06-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 流脑  周期性流行特征  A群Nm优势菌型
英文关键词: Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis  Periodically prevalent feature  Predominant types of N.meningitidis group A
基金项目:
作者单位
胡绪敬 中国预防医学科学院流行病学微生物学研究所 
李新武 中国预防医学科学院流行病学微生物学研究所 
计银铎 中国预防医学科学院流行病学微生物学研究所 
奚文龙 中国预防医学科学院流行病学微生物学研究所 
高立慧 中国预防医学科学院流行病学微生物学研究所 
徐丽 中国预防医学科学院流行病学微生物学研究所 
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中文摘要:
      本文报道了,通过应用多位点酶电泳分型后的聚类分析与染色体DNA酶切谱分型以及i类外膜蛋白的(OMP)分亚型等技术,对本国17省市于本世纪60年代至80年代从流脑病人与带菌者中所分离的200株A群脑膜炎奈瑟氏菌(Nm)进行了菌型检定并结合本国近40年来流脑的发病率资料进行了综合分析。研究结果证明了本国流脑确实具有周期性流行的特征,不同的周期流行是由A群Nm不同优势菌型周期变换引起的,每次周期流行基本上是从本国北方向南方扩散。不过,此病在我国周期性流行的模式不大固定。该项研究为今后应用分子生物学方法揭示流脑的流行机制奠定了初步基础。
英文摘要:
      A study on periodically prevalent feature for epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis (ECM) in China was carried out by means of cluster analysis of multilocous enzyme electrophoresis, as well as chromosomal DNA fingerprinting and subserotyping of outer menbrane protein class 1 of Neisseria meningitidis group A.Two hundred strains tested were isolated from the patients for ECM and carriers during the 1960s to 1980s in 17 provinces and municipalities.Overall analysis on the bacterial types of the strains above mentioned and data of morbidity of this disease for recent 40 years was undertaken. The research results indicated that ECM reallypossessed the feature of cyclic prevalence in China, the cyclic epldemics were caused by the different predominant types of Neisseria meningitidis group A and the strains of predominant types could be periodically spread. Every epidemic was basically spread from the north to the sourth of China. However, the patterns of cyclic epidemic of this disease were not uniform in the country. The above study has established the preliminary base to reveal the prevalent mechanism for ECM by use of molecular biological methods in China.
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