文章摘要
王启俊,祝伟星,关炜庠.北京市肺癌发病率、死亡率和生存率分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1991,12(4):205-207
北京市肺癌发病率、死亡率和生存率分析
An Analysis of Incidence Mortality and Survival Rates of Lung Cancer in Beijing
收稿日期:  出版日期:2021-06-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 肺癌;发病率;死亡率;生存率
英文关键词: Lung cancer;Incidence;Mortality;Survival rate
基金项目:
作者单位
王启俊 北京市肿瘤防治研究所 100034 
祝伟星 北京市肿瘤防治研究所 100034 
关炜庠 北京市肿瘤防治研究所 100034 
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中文摘要:
      根据北京市肿瘤登记报告所积累的资料,对1977~1986年的肺癌病例进行了核实整理、随防和分析。分析结果表明:近十年来北京市肺癌居各种恶件肿瘤发病率和死亡率的首位,且有逐年上升的趋势。1982~1984年北京市城区居民中男性肺癌年龄调整发病率为33.0/10万,占男性全部癌瘤发病总数的20.3%,女性肺癌调整发病率为21.1/10万,占女性全部癌瘤的16.1%。肺癌调整发病率性比值(男:女)为1.56。以北京市肺癌与部分国家和地区的肺癌比较,结果表明北京市肺癌流行特征是性比值低,女性肺癌相对突出。天津、上海和北京女性肺癌水平接近,同属于高发之列。
英文摘要:
      In the past 30 years the lung cancer incidence rate in the countries all over the world has been on increase. A population-based cancer registry has been set up since 1976 in Beijing. The epidemiological features of lung cancer in Beijing during 1977~1986 were analysed. The data collected show that the lung cancer incidence and mortality ranked first among cancers at all sites and had been on increase from year to year. The annual average crude incidence rate of cancer was 31.3/100000 in male during 1982~1984, the world standard rate was 33.0/100000. Incidence due to lung cancer accounted for 20.3% of all male cancer cases. The crude incidence rate was 22.8/100000 in females, the world standard rate was 21.1/100000. Incidence due to lung cancer acounted for 16.1% among all females cancer cases. The sex ratio of the world standard incidence rates was 1.56. The lung cancer is one of the lesser prevised cancer and the five year relative survival rate is 6.5% for both sexes in 1982~1983. The lung cancer mortality rate in Beijing urban area is compared with other countries in the world, and it is found that the female mortality rate of lung cancer in Beijing is the highest.
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