文章摘要
夏学中,尼亚孜,赵国胜,艾尔肯,赛力木江,柴萍,高琦,任智慧,阿布力克木.一起戊型肝炎爆发的流行病学调查分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1991,12(5):257-260
一起戊型肝炎爆发的流行病学调查分析
An Epidemiologic Survey on a Type E Hepatitis (HE) Outbreak
收稿日期:1990-01-19  出版日期:2021-06-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 戊型肝炎  罹患率  流行病学调查  爆发
英文关键词: HE  Attack rate  Epidemiologic survey  Outbreak
基金项目:
作者单位
夏学中 伊犁地区卫生防疫站 835000 
尼亚孜 伊宁县卫生防疫站 
赵国胜 伊犁地区卫生防疫站 835000 
艾尔肯 伊犁地区卫生防疫站 835000 
赛力木江 伊犁地区卫生防疫站 835000 
柴萍 新疆自治区卫生防疫站肝炎研究室 
高琦 新疆自治区卫生防疫站肝炎研究室 
任智慧 伊宁县卫生防疫站 
阿布力克木 伊宁县卫生防疫站 
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中文摘要:
      新疆伊宁县潘津乡苏拉宫村于1988年6月~1989年2月发生一起戊型肝炎爆发。全村共发病214例,罹患率为6.15%。发病以青壮年为主,20~24岁年龄组罹患率为17.90%;18~35岁孕妇罹患率明显高于同龄未孕妇女,差别有极显著性意义;孕妇发病较重,其病死率为5.88%,患者流产率为17.64%;黄疸病例占总病例数的76.74%,重症肝炎占2.47%。经流行病学调查、分析,认为饮用被污染的宅渠水,特别是饮生水是造成本次爆发的主要原因。其次,生活接触传播也是不可忽视的危险因素。
英文摘要:
      This article deals with a HE outbreak, which occurred in Sulagong Village, Pan-jin Township, Yining County, Xinjiang. There was a total of 214 patients involved in the village, with an attack rate of 6.15 percent.Among the patients young people formed the majority. The attack rate between 20 to 24 years of age reached 17.9 percent.Attack rate of pregnant women between 18 to 35 years of age was significantly higher than that of the non-pregnant ones. The condition in pregnant patients was rather severe. Their case fatality rate was 5.88 percent and abortion rate was 17.64 percent.By epidemiological investigation, it was shown that the chief contributing cause of the HE outbreak was probably contaminated drinking water, and direct or indirect contact with the patients in the infectious stage was also a risk factor.
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