文章摘要
叶淑荣,黄慧俐,韩德科,张中运,刘湘阳,赵莉.177例毒瘾者丙型肝炎病毒感染的流行病学调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,1993,14(1):45-48
177例毒瘾者丙型肝炎病毒感染的流行病学调查
Prevalence of Antibody to Hepatitis C Virus in 177 Drug Addicts
收稿日期:1992-04-20  出版日期:2021-06-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 毒瘾者;丙型肝炎病毒;危险因素
英文关键词: Drug addict;Hepatitis C virus (HCV);Risk factor
基金项目:
作者单位
叶淑荣 650224 昆明市,中国人民解放军第五三三医院传染科 
黄慧俐 650224 昆明市,中国人民解放军第五三三医院传染科 
韩德科 650224 昆明市,中国人民解放军第五三三医院传染科 
张中运 650224 昆明市,中国人民解放军第五三三医院传染科 
刘湘阳 650224 昆明市,中国人民解放军第五三三医院传染科 
赵莉 650224 昆明市,中国人民解放军第五三三医院传染科 
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中文摘要:
      采取ELISA法对167例静脉内毒瘾者、10例口吸毒瘾者、49例非肝病病人及58例供血员作了抗-HCV检测。结果发现,抗-HCV阳性率分别为92.2%、10%、2.0%和1.7%,静脉内毒瘾者的HCV感染率非常显著高于其他各组(P<0.001),后3组之间差异无显著意义(P>0.05)。表明静脉内毒瘾者是HCV感染的高危人群,造成该人群HCV感染的流行可能与HCV感染者合用注射器静注毒品、注射器和毒品溶剂不消毒等因素有关,与用毒时间无显著相关。HCV感染在不同特征的静脉内毒瘾者的分布是一致的。
英文摘要:
      Antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 167 intravenous drug addicts, 10 oral drug addicts, 49 patients without liver disease and 58 blood donors. It was found that the prevalent rate of anti-HCV in these groups were 92.2%, 10%, 2.0% and 1.7%, respectively. It is also noted that the prevalence of anti-HCV for intravenous drug addicts was significantly higher than that for oral drug addicts, patients without liver disease, and blood donors (P<0.001). There was no significant difference among the later three groups. It isindicated that intravenous drug addicts are high-risk group of HCV infection. Injecting drug with injectors of HCV carrier, injectors and/or solvent not being sterilized may contribute to prevalence of HCV in these groups. It is similar that the distributions of HCV infection in intravenous drug addicts with different trait.
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