文章摘要
刘明德,陈萍.298例危重病人医院感染分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1995,16(4):231-233
298例危重病人医院感染分析
Analysis of Nosocomial Infection in Hospitalized Critical and Serious Patients
收稿日期:1994-07-18  出版日期:2021-05-22
DOI:
中文关键词: 医院感染  感染率  危险因素
英文关键词: Nosocomial infection  Infection rate  Risk factor
基金项目:
作者单位
刘明德 第三军医大学大坪医院感染监控室 630042 重庆 
陈萍 第三军医大学大坪医院感染监控室 630042 重庆 
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中文摘要:
      对重庆地区某综合性医院298例危重病人医院感染进行了调查分析。结果危重病人的医院感染率达43.3%(129例);以脑外科、血液内科等的感染率较高;感染部位以肺部感染最为突出,占65.1%,是其感染特点之一;感染的危险因素有年龄、住院时间、气管切开、放疗与化疗、脑部手术等;感染病原菌以革兰氏阴性杆菌为主,占52.2%,其中以绿脓杆菌较多见,占23.9%,真菌已成为其重要病原菌;感染病例的病死率明显高于非感染病例,预后较差。作者认为加强危重病人医院感染的预防和控制,对医院感染管理具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      An investigation was made on 298 hospitalized critical and serious patients in Chongqing. The results showed that the nosocomial infection rate was 43.3% (129/298). The higher infection rate was found in the departments of brain surgery and hematopathy. The lower respiratory tract was found to be the most commonly seen infection sites (65.1%). Of 46 strains of the pathogenic organisms causing the nosocomial infection, gram-negatove becilli were accounted for 52.2% and fungi 28.3%. The case fatality rate of infected patients (37.9%) was significantly higher than that of non-infected patient's (10.7%).
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