文章摘要
杨岫岩,唐福林,尹培达.21家医院痛风住院构成比15年变化趋势分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1996,17(1):10-12
21家医院痛风住院构成比15年变化趋势分析
The Trend of Proportion among Inpatients with Gout in 21 Hospitals during the Past 15 Years
收稿日期:1995-02-27  出版日期:2021-05-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 痛风;构成比;趋势检验
英文关键词: Gout;Proportion;Test for trend
基金项目:
作者单位
杨岫岩 中山医科大学附属第一医院内科 广州 510080 
唐福林 北京协和医院内科 
尹培达 中山医科大学附属第一医院内科 广州 510080 
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中文摘要:
      调查国内21家城市医院1979~1993年间,各年度医院总住院人数和痛风住院人数。结果:15年间21家医院合计的痛风住院构成比有直线上升的趋势,χ2=823.4,P<0.001;其中南方13家医院的痛风住院构成比有上升趋势,χ2=650.9,P<0.001,北方8家医院的痛风住院构成比也有上升趋势,χ2=188.1,P<0.001;南方与北方医院比较,差异有显著性,χ2=45.8,P<0.001。可见,近15年来,我国城市医院住院的痛风病人数正在直线上升,而且南方的上升趋势比北方更明显。这可能与社会经济发展,生活水平提高,人们饮食结构改变有关。
英文摘要:
      We analyzed data gathered from 21 hospitals in our country from 1979 to 1993 on the total number of hospitalized patients with the number of gout patients. Results showed that the proportion of hospitalized gout patients in 21 hospitals has increased sharply during the past 15 years (χ2=823.4, P<0.001). The constituent ratio of hospitalized gout patients in 13 hospitals in southern China increased abruptly (χ2=650.9, P<0.001);while the constituent ratio in 8 hospitals in northern China increased to a lesser extent (χ2=188.1, P<0.001). A significant difference was noticed between southern and northern China (χ2=45.8, P<0.001). During the past 15 years, the proportion of hospitalized gout patients has been increasing rapidly, with greater extent in the south. This is probably related to the economic development which improves the standard of living and to the changes of food structure.
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