文章摘要
胡永华,李立明,李芃.我国农村地区神经系统缺陷的五年监测[J].中华流行病学杂志,1996,17(1):20-24
我国农村地区神经系统缺陷的五年监测
A Five Years Surveillance on Neural System Birth Defects in Rural Areas of China
收稿日期:1994-12-13  出版日期:2021-05-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 出生缺陷;监测
英文关键词: Surveillance;Birth defect
基金项目:
作者单位
胡永华 北京医科大学流行病学教研室 100083 
李立明 北京医科大学流行病学教研室 100083 
李芃 北京医科大学流行病学教研室 100083 
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中文摘要:
      1986~1990年在我国农村11个县监测167274名围产儿,发现神经系统出生缺陷儿367例,占全部缺陷儿的31.45%,缺陷率2.19‰。其中,脑积水149例,发生率居首位,其次为无脑儿145例,第三是开放性脊柱裂61例。神经系统缺陷的发生率冬春季高于夏秋季,北方地区高于南方地区,差异均有显著性。采用单因素与Logistic回归分析的方法对神经系统缺陷的影响因素进行了探讨。
英文摘要:
      A total number of 167, 274 births were observed on birth defects in rural areas during 1986-1990 in China. The results showed that there were 361 cases of neural system defects, accounting for 31.45% in all birth defects. The incidence of neural system defects was 2.19% with hydrocephalus, aneneephalus and spinal bifida 0.89‰, 0.87‰, 0.36‰respectively. The distribution of neural system birth defects showed that incidence in northern part of the country was higher than that of in the south while in winter-spring was higher than in summer-autumn. Results of unconditional logistic regression analysis demonstrated that risk factors were related to neural system defects as maternal education level, parity, delivery mode and lower birth weight.
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