文章摘要
池桂波,王声湧.意外伤害的死亡率和潜在寿命损失年数的比较分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1996,17(4):195-198
意外伤害的死亡率和潜在寿命损失年数的比较分析
A Comparative Study on Mortality and YPLL of Accidents
收稿日期:1996-01-10  出版日期:2021-05-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 意外  死亡率  潜在寿命损失年数
英文关键词: Accident  Mortality  Years of potential life lost (YPLL)
基金项目:本课题由广东省卫生厅医药卫生重点项目研究基金资助
作者单位
池桂波 暨南大学医学院流行病学教研室 广州 510632 
王声湧 暨南大学医学院流行病学教研室 广州 510632 
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中文摘要:
      应用标化死亡率和潜在寿命损失年数(YPLL)对广州市1988~1994年的意外伤害进行分析,结果显示意外伤害在死因构成中居第四位,但在YPLL率的排位中则跃居第二位;男女性别比为1.69:1,男性的意外伤害多发生在青、中年,女性则以青、老年多见。随着寿命年数损失的增加,潜在工作损失年数(WYPLL)和潜在价值损失年数(VYPLL)也相应加大。与标化死亡率相比较的结果,揭示YPLL能更合理地反映意外伤害死亡对低年龄层人群所造成的实质性损失。
英文摘要:
      Years of potential life lost (YPLL) was used to analyse deaths caused by accidents in Guangzhou in 1988-1994. The results showed that the accident death was the fourth in the proportionate mortality ratio and the second in the rates of YPLL. The ratio of male to female was 1.69:1. The majority of accidents involved in youth people. Work years of potential life lost and valued years of potential life lost relevantly increased along with the rose of YPLL. According to the findings the author regard that YPLL is more reasonable index in reflecting the deaths by accidents among youth people.
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