文章摘要
杨智聪,周秀珍.1983~1994年广州市区人群潜在生命、工作和价值年数损失分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1996,17(4):208-212
1983~1994年广州市区人群潜在生命、工作和价值年数损失分析
An Analysis of YPLL, WYPLL and VYPLL in Guangzhou, 1983-1994
收稿日期:1995-01-11  出版日期:2021-05-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 潜在生命年数损失  潜在工作年数损失  潜在价值年数损失
英文关键词: Year of potential life lost (YPLL)  Work year of potential life lost (WYPLL)  Valued year of potential life lost (VYPLL)
基金项目:
作者单位
杨智聪 广东省广州市卫生防疫站 510080 
周秀珍 广东省广州市卫生防疫站 510080 
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中文摘要:
      为评价广州市区居民的健康状况和各类疾病的危害性,对广州市区1983~1994年死亡监测资料应用YPLL、WYPLL和VYPLL等新的指标进行了分析。结果:CSMR、YPLL标化率分别从1983年的448.2/10万和53.16‰降至1994年的398.6/10万和42.29‰,表明居民的健康状况不断改善;肿瘤、损伤中毒和心血管系病居YPLL标化率的前三位,是危害居民长寿水平的主要疾病;损伤中毒、精神病和传染病均居WYPLL标化率和VYPLL标化率前三位,是危害社会劳动力和经济发展的重要因素;性别比较:CSMR男性高于女性(u=14.79,P<0.01),YPLL标化率男性高于女性(u=27.05,P<0.01),WYPLL标化率和VYPLL标化率男女均为负值,但男性仍高于女性;0岁组的YPLL标化率、WYPLL标化率和VYPLL标化率均远高于其他年龄组。
英文摘要:
      In order to assess the health status and risk of various diseases in the population of Guangzhou, the surveillance data of death in 1983-1991 in Guangzhou was analyzed by indicesas:year of potential life lost (YPLL), work year of lost (WYPLL) and valued year of potential life lost (VYPLL). It was indicated that both Chinese standardized mortality rates (CSMR) and Chinese standardized rates (CSYPLLR) had been declined from 448.2×10-5 and 53.16‰ to 398.6×10-5 and 42.29‰ during 1983-1994, respectively. It was suggested that the health status of inhabitants in Guangzhou had been gradually improved. Cancer. lesion and poisoning, cardiovascular diseases rank top in CSYPLLR, were the most important diseases affecting life span of the inhabitants. Lesion and poisoning, infectious disease, psychotic disease, ranked the first in Chinese tandardized WYPLL rates (CSWYPLLR) and Chinese standardized VYPLL rates (CSVYPLLR), were important factors that periled the society labor force and economic development. By comparison of sex, both CSMR and CSYPLLR were higher in male than in female (u=14.76, P<0.01; u=27.05, P<0.01, respectively). Although both values of CSWYPLLR and CSVYPLLR were negative, they were still higher in male than in female. The zero-age-group was far more higher than all the other age groups in CSPLLR, CSWYPLLR and CSVYPLLR.
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