文章摘要
徐陶钧,欧琼.广东开平、博罗农村老年人生活质量调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(1):9-11
广东开平、博罗农村老年人生活质量调查
The Survey of Quality of Life among Aging Population in the Rural Areas of Guangdong
投稿时间:1997-05-14  
DOI:
中文关键词: 老年人;生活质量
英文关键词: Elderly population; Quality of life
基金项目:
作者单位
徐陶钧 广东省老年医学研究所, 广州 510080 
欧琼 广东省老年医学研究所, 广州 510080 
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中文摘要:
      为了解广东农村老年人生活质量现状, 用多级、分层随机抽样方法, 对开平、博罗两地1 008 例农村老年人进行了生活质量调查。结果:96.64 %的老年人具生活自理能力(ADL 量表评分), 78.08 %的老年人具独立生活能力(IADL 量表评分)|健康自评36.31 %的老年人良好, 52.8 %中等, 10.42%差|56.05%的老年人有慢性病史, 居一、二位的是关节炎、慢性头痛|对目前医疗条件满意的占38.8 %、一般占45.7%、不满意占9.1 %|生活满意度综合评分发现23.81 %生活满意度良好, 65.97%中等, 9.82%满意度差。认为农村老年人占人口比例大, 由于一生从事体力劳动,晚年多数仍具独立生活能力, 但总体健康状况较差, 影响其生活质量, 故重视农村老年人医疗保健, 提高他们的生活质量, 使其做到“健康老龄化” 应引起高度重视。
英文摘要:
      In order to investigate the quality of life in 1008 cases of elderly people living in rural areas, Kaipin and Boluo counties in Guangdong Province.Data was collected by cluster stratification and random selection. 96.64% of them were independently managing their activities of daily lifew ith 78.08% lived by themselves.In a self-evaluation questionnaire on health status, 36.31% perceived good, 52.8% moderate and 10.42% bad with 56.05 % having had history of chronic illnesses.Arthritis and chronic headache, appeared to take the first and second place.38.8% showed satisfaction about the current medical condition with, 45.7% moderate and 9.1 % un-sa tisfaction.23.81% of them felt the degree of satisfaction to their lifew as good, 65.97% moderate and 9.82% poor.Since the proportion of elderly in the rural areas was big, and most elderly could manage their lives in late years because they had engaged in physical labor in the past,the general health condition was bad which led to poor quality of life.It is suggested that more medical care be provided to elderly living in the countryside to improve their quality of life.
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