文章摘要
施箴吾,张素君,杨远明,郭冬英,范德芬,左怡,于普林.成都市3 333 例老年人健康状况调查分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(1):15-17
成都市3 333 例老年人健康状况调查分析
Study on Health Status of 3333 old People in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province
投稿时间:1997-05-14  
DOI:
中文关键词: 老年人;健康状况
英文关键词: Elderly population ; Health status
基金项目:本文为四川省卫生厅科研基金资助课题
作者单位
施箴吾 四川省老年病研究所, 成都 610031 
张素君 四川省老年病研究所, 成都 610031 
杨远明 四川省老年病研究所, 成都 610031 
郭冬英 四川省老年病研究所, 成都 610031 
范德芬 四川省老年病研究所, 成都 610031 
左怡 四川省老年病研究所, 成都 610031 
于普林 卫生部北京老年医学研究所 
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中文摘要:
      为了解成都市老年人健康状况, 采用问卷访问和体格检查相结合的方法, 对成都市年龄\60 岁3 333 例老年人进行了调查。结果: 79. 4%的老年人有慢性病史, 常见慢性病患病率前10 位的是: 风湿性关节炎、高血压病、前列腺增生、慢性支气管炎、白内障、冠心病、慢性胃炎、骨关节病、哮喘、糖尿病。体重指数、视听能力、体能、日常生活功能及健康状况均随年龄的增长而减退。为提高老年人生活质量, 应大力普及健康教育, 强化老年人自我保健意识, 加强慢性病的防治, 积极开展社区医疗服务, 方便老年人就医治疗。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the health status of 3333 old people ( over 60) in Chengdu city,a survey was carried out from May 1996 to Nov. 1996. Results revealed that 79. 4% of old people had a history of chronic diseases. The first ten common chronic diseases were stated as follows: rheumatic art hritis, hypertension, benign prostatic hy pertrophy, chronic bronchitis, cataract, chronic gastritis, osteoarthrosis, asthma and diabetes mellitus. There were significant differences of body weight index, vision and auditus disorder among old people according to their age ( P < 0. 01). As ageing grows, old people. s physical condition and daily- life- capacity decline. In order to improve the quality of life among the aged, follow ing aspects as popular izing health education on self care, streng thening programs on prevention and care of chronic diseases, expanding the medical and nursing services in community and easer access to hospitalization etc. should be promoted.
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