文章摘要
龚向东,张君炎,王全佩,梁国钧.我国性病监测点15岁以下儿童性病流行病学分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(5):259-262
我国性病监测点15岁以下儿童性病流行病学分析
Epidemiological Features of Sexually Transmitted Diseases among Children Below Age 15 at the National STDSurveillance Sites
投稿时间:1998-04-11  修订日期:1998-05-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 儿童;性传播疾病;流行病学
英文关键词: Children;Sexually transmitted diseases;Epidemiology
基金项目:
作者单位
龚向东 全国性病麻风病控制中心, 南京 210042 
张君炎 全国性病麻风病控制中心, 南京 210042 
王全佩 全国性病麻风病控制中心, 南京 210042 
梁国钧 全国性病麻风病控制中心, 南京 210042 
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中文摘要:
      为了解我国性病监测点 15岁以下儿童性病流行趋势及流行特点,为制定控制对策提供科学依据,对 1987~ 1996年我国性病监测点儿童性病发病情况进行连续监测,对监测结果进行流行病学分析。结果发现 15岁以下儿童性病流行特点为 :⑴儿童性病发病呈逐年上升趋势,发病率由 1987年的0.51/ 10万上升至 1996年的 8.62 / 10万 ;⑵以淋病为主,平均构成为 85.58%,但所占比例逐年下降,非淋菌性尿道 (宫颈 )炎和梅毒在逐年增高 ;⑶女性发病率均高于男性,男女病例数之比为 1∶2.35;⑷ 0~岁组儿童性病发病率远高于其他年龄组,1996年达 44.68/ 10万 ;⑸城市和少数民族地区高于农村。上述表明,我国性病监测点儿童性病流行形势日益严峻,应引起我们足够的重视。
英文摘要:
      In order to understand the trends and epidemiological characteristics of sex ually transmitted diseases among children below the age of 15 at national STD surveillance sites which w ill lead to the development of strategies on prevention and co ntrol, STD surveillance at selected national sites had been co nsecutively monito red during in the period of 1987-1996 with data co llected and analyzed.The epidemiological characteristics of ST D among children below ag e 15 w ere found as follow s:⑴Incidence rates of STD in children appeared to be ascending y early, f rom 0.51/ 100 000 in 1987 to 8.62/ 100000 in 1996.⑵ Gonorrhea was the most frequently seen sexually transmitted disease among children, constituting 85.58 % of the kinds of ST Ds on average.How ever, the propor tio n o f gonorrhea cases in children is declining with the increase of NG U and sy philis.⑶I ncidence rates among girls were consistently higher than the rates for boy s, with a sex ratio of 2.35∶1.⑷Incidence rate in group-0 w as 44.68 per 100 000 populatio n in 1996, much higher than the rates in other groups of children.⑸Incidence rates among children in bo th urban and mino rity areas were higher than the rates in rural area.The STD situation in children at the national STD surveillance sites has become crucial which calls for more attention.
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