文章摘要
张佩斌,陈荣华,邓静云,徐柏荣,郭锡熔,单晓光,李晓南,巴凌昊.江苏省1994~1995年0~14岁儿童意外死亡前瞻性调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(5):290-293
江苏省1994~1995年0~14岁儿童意外死亡前瞻性调查
A Prospective Study on Accidental Deaths Among 0-14-Year-old Children in Jiangsu, 1994-1995
投稿时间:1998-04-20  修订日期:1998-05-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 儿童;意外死亡;意外窒息;溺水;车祸
英文关键词: Children;Accidental death;Accidental suffocation;Drowning;Motor vehicle injury
基金项目:江苏省教委自然科学资金资助
作者单位
张佩斌 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
陈荣华 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
邓静云 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
徐柏荣 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
郭锡熔 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
单晓光 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
李晓南 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
巴凌昊 南京医科大学第二附属医院江苏省儿童保健研究中心, 南京 210011 
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中文摘要:
      为了预防意外伤害的发生和制定相应的干预措施,采取分层整群随机抽样的方法,在1994~1995年对江苏省4个市、9个县的219万人口进行0~14岁儿童意外死亡前瞻性调查。结果表明 :江苏省0~14岁儿童年均意外死亡率为53.0/10万,意外死亡占总死亡37.6%,为 0~14岁儿童的首位死因,其中婴儿意外死亡占总死亡15.3%,为第4位死因,1~4岁和5~14岁儿童意外死亡占总死亡70 %,为首位死因。全省及农村 0~ 14岁儿童意外死亡顺位是溺水、意外窒息和车祸,在婴儿意外死亡中有85%是意外窒息,在 1~4岁和5~14岁儿童,溺水是第1位意外死因,分别占意外死亡的70%和50%,在城市,儿童意外死亡的首位原因是车祸。
英文摘要:
      By stratified cluster random sampling, a prospective study on the accidental deaths of 0-14 years old children during 1994-1995 wsa car ried out in a population size of 2. 29 millions in four citys andnine counties in Jiangsu province. Results show ed that the average mortality of accidents was 53. 0 per 105among children aged 0 to 14 and accidental death was the leading cause of deaths taking up 37. 6% among the deaths of t he 0-14 y ears old. A ccidental deat hs r anked fourth, took up 15. 3% in infancy deaths making up about 70% in their deaths, and ranked first in the age groups 1-4 and 5-14. T he three leading causes of accidental deaths in the urban and rural ar ea were drowning, accidental suffocatio n and motor vehicle injur ies.Accidental suffocation w as the number one cause of accidental death in infants, making up 85% of the totalaccidental deaths. Dr owning was the leading cause o f accidental deaths in 1-4 and 5-14-year-old children, making up 70% and 50% of accidental deaths respectively. Motor vehicle injuries took the lead among accidental deaths in the cities.
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