文章摘要
吴玲,张景隆,倪语星,周云昌,杜源.我国沿海五省市致病性弧菌的分布调查及病原学研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,1998,(5):301-303
我国沿海五省市致病性弧菌的分布调查及病原学研究
A Study on the Distribution and Etiology of Pathogenic Vibrio in the 5 Coastal Provinces of China
投稿时间:1997-12-20  修订日期:1998-01-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 致病性弧菌;病原学
英文关键词: Pathogenic vibrio;Etiology
基金项目:
作者单位
吴玲 解放军第四一一医院, 上海 200081 
张景隆 解放军第四一一医院, 上海 200081 
倪语星 上海第二医科大学附属瑞金医院 
周云昌 第三七五О一部队防检所 
杜源 解放军第四一一医院, 上海 200081 
摘要点击次数: 624
全文下载次数: 365
中文摘要:
      为了解致病性弧菌在我国沿海地区的分布情况及致病规律,对沿海5省市10个地区的 51份水样及食品进行了微生物学检测和病原学调查,结果共检出致病性弧菌 45株,以豚鼠气单胞菌( 26.7% )、溶藻弧菌(22.2%)和副溶血弧菌(11.1% )占多数,这与从急性感染性腹泻病人粪便中分离的弧菌主要菌种基本相同。东海、南海和黄海致病性弧菌的分离率相近,在 67%~ 77%。 29份水源水中有 27份检出致病性弧菌,检出率为 93.1%,共检出 38株菌,主要分布在江水(31.5% )、河水(2 6.3% ),其次为海水和塘水(均为 21.1% )。结果表明,致病性弧菌在水源水中的分布与其致病性密切相关,应加强致病性弧菌的监控、诊断和治疗,以降低发病率。
英文摘要:
      In order to understand the distribution and pathogenicity of vibrio in the coastal areas of China, a study consisted of 51 water samples and foodstuff from 10 different areas in 5 provinces was conducted microbiologically and etiologically.Results show ed that 45 pathogenic vibrio were identified, with majority of A.caviae (26.7%), V.alginoly ticus(22.2%)and V.parahaemoly ticus (11.1 %), same kinds of vibrio found in feces from patients with acute infectious diarrhea.Prevalence rates of pathog enic vibrio identified from the East China Sea, the South China Sea and the Yellow Sea were between 66 %-77 %.T he detectio n rate of pathog enic vibrio in 29 w ater samples was 93.1 %(27/ 29)with 38 strains iso lated mainly in river w ater(57.8 %), followed by in sea water(21.1%)and poo l water(21.1%).The results revealed that the distribution of pathogenic vibrio in different waters was closely related to its pathogenecity, providing evidence that vibrio diarrhea be supervised, diagnosed and treated in order to decrease the incidence of the disease.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭