文章摘要
孙莲英,董胜利,陈志勇,吴多林,王春雷,史金端.海南省新生儿破伤风监测系统的建立及运行效果分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1999,20(1):35-37
海南省新生儿破伤风监测系统的建立及运行效果分析
Evaluation on the establishment and operation on neonatal tetanus surveillance program in Hainan Province
收稿日期:1998-09-03  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 破伤风,新生儿;监测;发病率
英文关键词: Neonatal tetanus;Surveillance;Morbidity
基金项目:
作者单位
孙莲英 海南省卫生防疫站, 海口 570203 
董胜利 中国预防医学科学院 
陈志勇 三亚市卫生防疫站 
吴多林 琼中县卫生防疫站 
王春雷 海南省卫生防疫站, 海口 570203 
史金端 海南省卫生防疫站, 海口 570203 
摘要点击次数: 1791
全文下载次数: 727
中文摘要:
      目的 掌握新生儿破伤风(NNT)实际发病水平及发病因素,以便为制定消除策略提供依据,海南省于1997年开展了NNT监测工作。方法 监测运用急性弛缓性麻痹(AFP)监测方法,并与之同时运行。结果 全年共监测病例216例,远高于疫情报告78例。监测结果表明:在家分娩、旧法接生是发病主因。病儿母亲88.89% 无破伤风类毒素(TT)免疫史。三亚市、琼中县的监测资料表明,由于育龄妇女 TT 免疫率提高,NNT发病率较1996 年分别下降61.29% 、82.05% 。结论 提高育龄妇女 TT 接种率是实现消除NNT最经济简便的措施,将NNT监测工作纳入AFP监测系统同时运行是行之有效的。
英文摘要:
      Objective In order to learn the actual morbidity and influencing factors of neonatal tetanus(NNT)and to provide scientific basis for NNT elimination. Methods A surveillance program was set up in 1997in Hainan Province and to operate at the same time.Results 216 NNT cases were investigated in 1997.The number was higher than repor ted 78 cases.The result from surveillance showed that parturition at home and the old delivering method were the main influencing factors. 88.89 % of mothers of NNT cases had no TT immunization history. The surveillance data of Sanya City and Qiong zhong County indicated the NNT morbidity in 1997 had declined 61.29 %, 82.05% than that in 1996 respectively due to the improvement of TT immunization rate.Conclusion The study result proved that the most economical and effective measure to eliminate NNT is to increase TT immunization rate of women at child-bearing-age. It was practical to integrate the NNT surveillance program into AFP surveillance system and operate along with it.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭