文章摘要
武桂珍,贾志远,黄玉英,龚晓红,李燕婷,李守邦,杨超美,刘建地,李敏,李志仁,曹惠霖.城、郊新生儿乙型肝炎疫苗免疫情况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,1999,20(5):283-286
城、郊新生儿乙型肝炎疫苗免疫情况调查
A study on hepatitis B vaccination of newborns in seven provincial capital cities and suburbs
收稿日期:1999-06-20  出版日期:2014-10-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 乙型肝炎疫苗;接种率;乙型肝炎表面抗原
英文关键词: Hepatitis B vaccines;Vaccination;HBsAg
基金项目:
作者单位
武桂珍 中国预防医学科学院疾病控制处,北京,100050 
贾志远 中国预防医学科学院病毒学研究所 
黄玉英 中国预防医学科学院疾病控制处,北京,100050 
龚晓红 北京市卫生防疫站 
李燕婷 上海市卫生防疫站 
李守邦 吉林省卫生防疫站 
杨超美 四川省卫生防疫站 
刘建地 甘肃省卫生防疫站 
李敏 湖北省卫生防疫站 
李志仁 黑龙江省卫生防疫站 
曹惠霖 中国预防医学科学院病毒学研究所 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解乙型肝炎疫苗的免疫后效果。方法:于 1997年 9~ 12月在北京、武汉、哈尔滨、上海、成都、兰州和长春 7个城市,采用整群随机抽样方法:抽取 3~ 4岁年龄组儿童 2 180人进行调查。结果:1993~ 1994年新生儿乙型肝炎疫苗全程接种率城区为 91.10%,明显高于郊区的 84.71%。HBsAg阳性率降至1.5 6%,抗 -HBs阳性率平均为 70.5 0%。城区儿童HBsAg阳性率0.2 8%,郊区儿童HBsAg阳性率为2.17%,说明免疫儿童中HBsAg阳性者的主要来源在郊区。结论:上述表明,我国乙型肝炎疫苗免疫效果显著,但在郊区,疫苗免疫效果还不够理想。
英文摘要:
      Objective:In order to investigate the effectiveness of hepatitis B vaccination programmes in different regions in China.Methods:A randomized sampling survey was carried out.A total number of 2 180children,aged 3-4 years old,were selected in 7 cities(Beijing,Wuhan,Harbin,Shanghai,Chengdu,Lanzhou and Changchun)during Sep-to Dec.1997.Results:The rate of HB immunization in the cities(91.10%)was significantly higher than that in related suburbs(84.71%).The carrier rate of HBsAg decreased from 10%to 1.56%and anti-HBs positive rate was 70.50%.The carrier rate of HBsAg was 0.28%in the cities,compared with 2.17%among the children in suburbs.Most unvaccinated children were in suburbs,making up the main source of HBsAg positive children.Conclusion:The effectiveness of the hepatitis B vaccination was satisfactory,but the programme should be strengthened in suburbs.
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