文章摘要
芦海,朱栓立,王焕文,罗涛涛,赵搏华,张淑华,邢万忠,李淑荣,徐航,邓宇.北京酒仙桥地区中老年人群心血管病发病相关因素的调查和分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1999,20(5):296-299
北京酒仙桥地区中老年人群心血管病发病相关因素的调查和分析
Investigation on the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in the middle-elderly persons in Jiuxianqiao district of Beijing
收稿日期:1999-01-29  出版日期:2014-10-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 中老年人群;体质指数;心血管病;危险因素
英文关键词: Middle-elderly population;Body mass index;Cardiovascular diseases;Risk factors
基金项目:
作者单位
芦海 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
朱栓立 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
王焕文 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
罗涛涛 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
赵搏华 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
张淑华 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
邢万忠 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
李淑荣 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
徐航 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
邓宇 北京酒仙桥医院高血压糖尿病研究所,100016 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解北京酒仙桥地区中老年人群心血管病发病的相关因素,以制定合理的预防措施。方法:于 1996年 6~ 12月对该地区 9个居委会抽样调查了 5 87名 5 0岁以上中老年人的健康状况,主要包括身高、体重、血压、空腹血糖和血脂、75 g葡萄糖耐量试验和心电图检查,并抽样检查了 304人的空腹胰岛素。结果:发现超重及肥胖在小学文化程度及文盲者中所占比例最大(P <;0.01),同时女性超重及肥胖所占比例高于男性 (P <;0.05 ),但不同年龄间超重及肥胖与非超重间构成比差异无显著性 (P >;0.05 )。在超重及肥胖者中高脂血症、高血压、冠心病、糖耐量低减和糖尿病的患病率明显高于非超重者 (P <;0.01),超重及肥胖者中空腹血糖、胰岛素、总胆固醇和甘油三酯水平明显高于非超重者 (P <;0.01)。结论:对中老年人群进行以预防肥胖为重点的健康教育,以降低心血管病的发病率是当前一件十分迫切和非常有益的事
英文摘要:
      Objective:To study the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in the middle-elderly population and develop reasonable prevention strategies.Methods:We investigated the healthy status of 587 middle-elderly persons aged 50years and sampled in nine communities of Jiuxianqiao district from June to December 1996.Height,weight,blood pressure,blood glucose and lipids,oral 75 grams glucose loading trial and electrocardiography were examined.The fasting blood insulin levels were examined in 304 sampled subjects.Results:We found that the percentage of overweight and obesity was highest in subjects with educational levels of primary school and illiterates(P<0.01)and the percentage of overweight and obesity was significantly higher in female than in male(P<0.05),but there were no significant differences among the five age groups(P>0.05).We also found that the prevalence rates of hyperlipidemia,hypertension,coronary heart disease,impaired glucose tolerance(IGT)and diabetes were significantly higher in subjects with overweight and obesity than in those without(P<0.01).Fasting blood glucose and insulin level,total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in individuals with overweight and obesity than in those without.Conclusion:Results suggested that it is urgent to strengthen health education to the middle-elderly population in order to prevent obesity and reduce the incidence rate of cardiovascular diseases.
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