文章摘要
林汉生,王声湧,范存欣,郭畅.小学生常见伤害类型及其原因分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,1999,20(5):300-302
小学生常见伤害类型及其原因分析
Types and causes of injury commonly occurred in pupils
收稿日期:1999-05-19  出版日期:2014-10-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 伤害;小学生;调查表
英文关键词: Injury;Pupils;Questionnaire
基金项目:国务院侨办重点学科科研基金(文教发1998175)和广东省医学科学研究基金 (A1998283)
作者单位
林汉生 暨南大学医学院卫生统计医学教研室,广州,510632 
王声湧 流行病学教研室 
范存欣 公共卫生教研室 
郭畅 流行病学教研室 
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中文摘要:
      目的:为识别常见伤害原因和需要优先解决的问题,为制定小学生伤害干预措施和进行监测提供依据。方法:调查广州市某小学全体学生 1年中的伤害发生情况,并描述受伤情况。结果:40.1%的小学生在 1年中受到 1种及以上不同程度的伤害。男生伤害发生率 ( 43.1% )高于女生 ( 36.6% )。常见受伤类型的发生率为跌伤 ( 2 5.5 % )、碰伤 ( 12.1% )、刀割伤 ( 6.6% )、车辆伤 ( 6.1% )、烧烫伤 ( 5.7% )和鱼刺卡喉 ( 5.6% )。对受伤原因、次数、地点、部位、伤后处理等问题进行了分析。结论:伤害的发生尽管频繁,原因复杂,但它是有可能控制和预防的。调查表中用不完全开放式回答搜集伤害发生的详细情况是可行的
英文摘要:
      Objective:To discern the types and causes of injury commonly occurred in pupils and to give guidance on injury control programs and injury surveillance systems in pupils.Methods:Injuries and related factors occurred during previous year among all pupils at a primary school in Guangzhou were surveyed by questionnaire.Results:40.1%of the pupils experienced 1 or more injuries at different degreesof severity.The rate of injury in boys(43.1%)was higher than in girls(36.6%).The common causes of injury were fall(25.5%),collision(12.1%),knive cuts(6.6%),traffic accident(6.1%),burnt(5.7%)and fishbone caught in throat(5.6%).Causes,times,places parts and treatment of injuries were analysed.Conclusion:Injuries occur frequently with complex causes,but can be controlled and prevented.The design of a semi-opened questionnaire is practicable for collecting details of injury.
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