文章摘要
赵鹏军,沈晓明,许政敏,吴胜虎,金昌,海江帆.父母对新生儿听力筛查反应的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(7):608-610
父母对新生儿听力筛查反应的调查
The parents' opinions on screening program regarding newborn hearing
收稿日期:2002-11-08  出版日期:2014-10-08
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赵鹏军 上海第二医科大学附属新华医院上海儿童医学中心 200092 
沈晓明 上海第二医科大学附属新华医院上海儿童医学中心 200092 
许政敏 上海第二医科大学附属新华医院上海儿童医学中心 200092 
吴胜虎 上海第二医科大学附属新华医院上海儿童医学中心 200092 
金昌 上海第二医科大学附属新华医院上海儿童医学中心 200092 
海江帆 上海第二医科大学附属新华医院上海儿童医学中心 200092 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解家长对新生儿听力筛查的认可度以及听力筛查的结果对父母及家庭的影响.方法 以问卷的形式进行调查,将家长分为两组,第一组是初检结果阴性的孩子家长,第二组为初检结果阳性的孩子家长.结果 调查发现97.5 %的家长表示对听力学知识一无所知或仅略有所知,但93.06 %的家长对筛查持积极的态度.调查发现只有59.73 %的家长认为检查结果可信.第一组家长更倾向接受检查结果,有73.12 %的人认为结果可靠;第二组仅有 38.19%的家长认为结果可信,但即便如此,大部分家长还是认同听力筛查.同时发现,78%的家长表示阳性的结果会影响他们的生活,带来一定的心理负担.结论 通过调查,明确了家长对进行新生儿听力筛查是理解和接受的,但也发现有部分家长因为怀疑结果而未来复查.同时需不断地改进诊断水平以减少筛查带来的负面影响.通过调查认为在中国进行新生儿听力筛查是可行的.
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate opinions on screening of newborn hearing from parent's and its influence to parents and their famil-ies.Methods Parents were divided into two groups and were given the same questionnaire.Those parents whose babies had passed the first test were in the first group andthose parents whose babies failed the test were in the second group.Results Most of the parents showedtheir ignorance to hearing screening with about 97. 5%of parents admitted they had little knowledge of hearing scr-eening.93.06%of the parents showed positive attitude to the screening after being informed of the test.59.73 % of the parents thought the test results were reliable. 73.12% of the parents whose babies showed negative result at the first-test thought the results were accurate. There were only 38.19% of the parents whose babies failed the first test held the same opinion.We also found that there were some disagreement among 78% of the parents who believed that the positive screening results might cause additional psychological stress on them and therefore affecting their normal family life.Conclusions Being informed of the screening parents showed aw-areness of the test and were willing to cooperate.They believed the test was beneficial to their babies.Some parents whose babies did not pass the first screening test were often doubtful to the results and refused to be followed up. Therefore we should improve our diagnostic technology to reduce the negative effects of the test.The results of our investigation suggested hat the newborn hearing screening was applicable in our country.
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