文章摘要
张永振,肖东楼,孙玉辉,杨小冉,焉燕贞.中国1984~2002年狂犬病流行情况及防制对策[J].中华流行病学杂志,2003,24(10):883-886
中国1984~2002年狂犬病流行情况及防制对策
The epidemic situation of human rabies from 1984 to 2002 and its preventive measures in China
收稿日期:2003-08-04  出版日期:2014-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 狂犬病  流行特征  防制措施
英文关键词: Rabies  Epidemic characteristics  Preventive measures
基金项目:
作者单位
张永振 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 北京 102206 
肖东楼 卫生部疾病控制司 
孙玉辉 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 北京 102206 
杨小冉 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 北京 102206 
焉燕贞 中国疾病预防控制中心传染病预防控制所, 北京 102206 
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中文摘要:
      目的总结和分析中国1984~2002年狂犬病的流行情况,探讨流行回升的因素,分析目前防制过程中存在的问题,提出狂犬病的防制对策。方法收集1984~2002年的全国狂犬病疫情监测资料及对部分省市的流行病学调查资料进行分析。结果1984~1989年期间,狂犬病年发病数为4000~6000例。随后发病数开始下降,1996年下降到最低水平,由1990年的3520例下降到159例。但1998年以后发病数又开始持续上升,2002年全国报告发病数为1122例,比1996年增加了7.06倍。疫区主要分布在南方,如四川、湖南、广西、广东、安徽、福建等13个省份。发病的季节性也渐趋不明显。结论养犬数增加,犬的免疫接种率低,疫苗质量及管理把关不严,伤后处理不及时、不规范,各部门之间缺乏协作等是狂犬病发病率回升的原因,因此加大以上各方面的管理是防制狂犬病的有效措施
英文摘要:
      Objective To summarize and analyze the epidemic situa tio n of human rabies from 1984 to 2002 in China, and to explore the po ssible factors causing the increase of cases so as to provide evidence for prev entive and co ntrol measures.Method Na tio nal and some provincial data on the prevalence of rabies during 1984 to 2002 were collected and analyzed.Results From 1984 to 1989, the annual reported cases were between 4 000 and 6 000 but decreased after 1990.In 1996, the reported cases decreased to the lowest level from 3 520 in 1990 to 159.However, number o f repo rted cases has been continuously increasing since 1998 which reached 1 122 in 2002, a 7.06 times increase as compared to the number in 1996.The epidemic areas were mainly located in the southeast and southwest par ts of the country, such as Sichuan, Hunan, Guangx i, Guang dong, Anhui, Fujian, etc.Furthermo re, there was no sig nificant seasonal distribution as it showed before.Conclusion Such facts as the increasing numbers of dogs, lowinoculation rate to dogs, poor control on the quality of rabies vaccine, mistreatment to the wounds, and lacking good cooperation between different official departments regarding rabies control might serve as important factors responsible for the recurrence of rabies.Therefore, it is necessary to focus on the above mentioned points and to take comprehensive preventive measures to bring down the prevalence of rabies in China.
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