文章摘要
彭绩,熊静帆,周华,程锦泉,张丹,施侣元.糖尿病高危人群风险因素对照研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2004,25(6):506-508
糖尿病高危人群风险因素对照研究
The control study on risk factors of high-risk population in diabetes
收稿日期:2003-10-27  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 糖尿病;筛查;危险因素
英文关键词: Diabetes;Screening;Risk factor
基金项目:
作者单位
彭绩 深圳市慢性病防治院 518020 
熊静帆 深圳市慢性病防治院 518020 
周华 深圳市慢性病防治院 518020 
程锦泉 深圳市慢性病防治院 518020 
张丹 深圳市卫生局 
施侣元 华中科技大学同济医学院 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析糖尿病有关危险因素间的差异显著性。方法 2003名无症状,但有明确糖尿病危险因素,包括家族糖尿病史、肥胖、高血压、高血脂、女性巨大胎儿史为筛检对象。来自相同社区无糖尿病危险因素的5362人作为对照。结果 接受筛检的2003人中,131人被诊断有糖尿病,占6.54%。在上述人群中,有1种糖尿病危险因素的为1547人,占77.23%;有2种危险因素的为387人,占19.27%;有3种以上危险因素的70人,占3.49%。对照组5362人中,96人被诊断有糖尿病,占1.79%。和对照组相比,有明显危险因素的2003人在年龄标化后患糖尿病的OR值(95%CI)为2.68(2.20~3.25)。有1种危险因素的人患糖尿病的OR值为2.89,而有3种以上危险因素的OR值则增加到4.68。结论 高危人群罹患糖尿病的风险和具备危险因素量呈正相关,有必要在这些高危人群中开展早期、规则的糖尿病筛检。
英文摘要:
      Objective To examine the significance of individual risk on diabetes to subjects who underwent diabetes screening.Methods 2003 asymptomatic diabetes subjects with high-risk factors of diabetes as family history,obesity,hypertension,and/or dysipidemia,fetal giant history were screened.5362 subjects having no risk factors but from the same community were allocated as controls.Results There were 131(6.54%) diabetes identified in the screening group and 1547(77.23%) subjects having 1 risk factor,387(19.27%) having 2 risk factors,70 (3.49%) having 3 or more risk factors.There were 96 (1.79%) diabetes identified in the control group.Compared with control group,the OR (95% CI) value was 2.68(2.20-3.25)after adjusted on age among the high risk group.The OR value of those having 1 risk factor was 2.89,but these having 3 or more risk factors increased to 4.68.Conclusion The relation betwee the risk of high-risk group with diabetes and the number of risk factors of diabetes presented positive correlation.Early and regular screening for diabetes was essential in these individuals with high-risk factors.
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