文章摘要
张秀军,孙业桓,苏虹,程慧,倪进发,吴系科.安徽省农村老年人群生活质量的综合评价[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(1):5-8
安徽省农村老年人群生活质量的综合评价
Comprehensive evaluation on the quality of life among rural elderly population in Anhui province
收稿日期:2004-07-29  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 生活质量;老年人群;综合评价
英文关键词: Quality of life;Elderly population;Comprehensive evaluation
基金项目:安徽省教育厅自然科学基金资助项目
作者单位E-mail
张秀军 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥 230032  
孙业桓 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥 230032 yhsun @sina. com 
苏虹 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥 230032  
程慧 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥 230032  
倪进发 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥 230032  
吴系科 安徽医科大学流行病与卫生统计学系, 合肥 230032  
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨安徽省农村老年人群生活质量综合评价的可行性。方法分层、整群抽取安徽省5652名≥60岁的农村老年人,应用问卷调查方式进行横断面研究,其生活质量采用综合指标评价。结果主观满意的老年人生活质量综合评分为0.1432±0.5170,不满意的老年人均分为-0.2521±0.6081,两者差异有统计学意义(F=666.221,P<0.0001);主观生活满意度与生活质量综合评分呈正相关,Spearman相关系数为0.345(P<0.0001)。生活质量综合指标和主观生活满意度logistic回归分析均表明:子女孝顺、经济收入、睡眠情况、慢性病、营养状况、经济支配、娱乐活动等是影响农村老年人生活质量的重要因素。结论采用综合评价法评价农村老年人生活质量是可行的。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the feasibility of multi2dimensional and comprehensive evaluation on the quality of life among rural elderly population in Anhui province. Methods 5652 rural elderly people aged above 65 in Anhui province were selected by cluster sampling method and were studied by cross2 sectional study through a questionnaire on health information. The quality of life was evaluated by comprehensive evaluation method. Results The total score of satisfactory quality of life in the studied rural elderly people was 0. 1432 ±0. 5170 , while not satisfied was - 0. 2521 ±0. 6081 , with significant difference between the two groups ( F = 666. 221 , P < 0. 0001) . There was positive correlation between subjective satisfaction and total score of quality of life , with rs = 0. 345 ( P < 0. 0001) . The results of logistic regression analysis between comprehensive index of quality of life and subjective satisfaction indicated that filial piety , income , sleeping condition , chronic disease , nutrition status , economic dominance in the family , amusement activities etc. were important factors influencing the quality of life. Conclusion It was feasible to evaluation on the quality of life by comprehensive evaluation method.
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