文章摘要
郑频频,符英英,杨顺英,崔红伟,郭凤霞,叶葶葶,傅华.上海市徐汇区小学生控烟干预研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2005,26(10):782-785
上海市徐汇区小学生控烟干预研究
Smoking prevention and control among elementary school students in Xuhui district,Shanghai
收稿日期:2004-12-09  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 控烟;干预;小学生
英文关键词: Control smoking;Prevention;School student
基金项目:中华医学基金会(China Medical Board)基金资助项目(01-752)
作者单位E-mail
郑频频 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
符英英 上海市徐汇区疾病预防控制中心  
杨顺英 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
崔红伟 上海市徐汇区疾病预防控制中心  
郭凤霞 上海市徐汇区疾病预防控制中心  
叶葶葶 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
傅华 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院 hfu@shmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探索小学生学校控烟干预的模式并予以评价。方法 采用两阶段整群抽样的方法,选取两所小学的所有四、五年级学生566人为研究对象。对于预组进行为期一年的综合控烟干预。评价采用自填调查问卷的方法,在于预前、干预后、干预后半年分别进行调查。结果 干预后干预组一年内的尝试吸烟率由7.8%下降到2.6%,被动吸烟率由53.6%下降到41.8%,有关烟草预防的认知、态度、技能也有所提高。但干预后半年干预组个别指标有所回落。结论 学校综合性控烟干预是可行、有效的,但干预效果还需加以巩固。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based smoking prevention and control intervention program among elementary school student. Methods Through two phase cluster sampling, 566 pupils in grade 4 and grade 5 of two schools were assigned to intervention group and control group. One year comprehensive smoking intervention was conducted in the intervention group. The assessment was carried out through three questionnaires: pre- and post-intervention, 6-month after intervention. Results After one year intervention, pupils in the intervention group significantly improved their knowledge and attitudes related to tobacco use. The rate of attempting smoking decreased form 7.8% to 2.6% and the rate of passive smoking from 53.6% to 41.8%. The difference between the intervention and control groups was statistically significant. However, several index started to decline at 6-mnoth follow up survey. Conclusion The result demonstrated the effectiveness and feasibility of tobacco control in elementary school and the positive effect must be developed.
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