文章摘要
梁烨,姜春玲,王志青,王向群,费立鹏.北京50家综合医院门诊患者自杀意念及自杀未遂调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(1):19-24
北京50家综合医院门诊患者自杀意念及自杀未遂调查
Survey of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in outpatients at 50 general hospitals in Beijing
收稿日期:2005-06-23  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 自杀未遂;自杀意念;综合医院;流行病学调查
英文关键词: Suicide attempt;Suicidal ideation;General hospitals;Epidemiological survey
基金项目:北京市科委课题基金资助项目(H010910130112)
作者单位E-mail
梁烨 北京回龙观医院北京心理危机研究与干预中心 100096  
姜春玲 北京回龙观医院北京心理危机研究与干预中心 100096  
王志青 北京回龙观医院北京心理危机研究与干预中心 100096  
王向群 北京大学精神卫生研究所  
费立鹏 北京回龙观医院北京心理危机研究与干预中心 100096 phillipschina@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解北京市综合医院门诊患者的自杀意念和自杀未遂出现率及其危险因素。方法采用自制量表对随机抽取的北京市50家各级综合医院2877例门诊患者进行调查,通过logistic分析筛选出其危险因素。结果自杀意念和自杀未遂终生发生率分别为6.08%和1.18%;多因素分析显示两者的共同危险因素为近一年有绝望感、年纪轻、熟人有过自杀行为、女性。结论北京市综合医院门诊就诊患者经常有自杀危险、抑郁等心理问题;应培养普通门诊医务人员识别、评估和处理这类问题的技能。
英文摘要:
      ObjectiveDescribe the prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempt among outpatients at general hospitals in Beijing. Methods Trained psychiatric nurses obtained data about the characteristics of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts from 2877 persons 15 years of age or older who wereconsecutive outpatients at 35 level21, 8 level22 and 7 level23 general hospitals selected from all hospitals in Beijingby stratified random sampling. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for suicidal ideation andsuicide attempt. Results The lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt were 6. 08 %(95 %CI :5. 25 %27. 25 %) and 1. 18 % (0. 82 %21. 65 %), respectively. Mutivariate logistic analysis found that the most important risk factors for suicidal ideation were hopelessness in the prior year ( OR = 7. 96), current depression (OR = 3. 41), younger age ( OR for < 35 = 2. 83 ; OR for 35255 = 2. 08), having a blood relative with prior suicidal behavior ( OR = 2. 58),and so forth ;the most important risk factors for suicide attempt were younger age ( OR for < 35 = 4. 96 ; OR for 35255 = 4. 40), hopelessness in the prior year ( OR = 4. 02), self2report of health status in last weeks as poor ( OR = 2. 81),not currently married (never married, divorced, widowed,etc) ( OR =2. 80),and so forth. Four variables were independent risk factors for both suicidal ideation and suicide attempt :hopelessness in the last year, younger age, having associates with prior suicidal behavior and female gender.ConclusionsMany patients treated at medical, surgical and other outpatient departments of general hospitals in Beijing are depressed and at risk for suicide ; this is particularly true of young female patients who feel hopeless about their future. Outpatient clinicians need to be trained to identify such patients, to assess the severity of their psychological problems and, if necessary, to provide appropriate treatment or refer themfor psychiatric evaluation.
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