文章摘要
陈伟,曾光.洪灾地区县级疾病预防控制机构救灾防病应急能力的综合评价[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(2):112-116
洪灾地区县级疾病预防控制机构救灾防病应急能力的综合评价
Assessment on the ability of emergency response at the county center for disease control and prevention level in flooding2prone areas
投稿时间:2005-05-16  
DOI:
中文关键词: 洪涝灾害;应急能力;综合评价;德尔菲法
英文关键词: Flooding;Ability of emergency response;Comprehensive assessment;Delphi method
基金项目:
作者单位
陈伟 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心结核病预防控制中心 
曾光 流行病学研究室 
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中文摘要:
      目的建立洪灾地区县级疾病预防控制机构救灾防病应急能力的综合评价方法。方法应用层次分析法建立洪灾地区县级疾病预防控制机构救灾防病应急能力的初评指标体系,德尔菲法确定指标及其权重,综合评分法建立综合评价模型;通过方差分析、相关性分析对综合评价模型等级分类的可行性和所包含指标的独立性进行验证。结果建立了包含20个一级指标和57个二级指标的综合评价模型;运用该模型评价的应急能力较强的县级疾病预防控制机构5个,中等的10个,较差的5个;综合评价模型等级分类具有较好的区分度,且包含指标的独立性较好。结论建立的综合评价模型,可以较好区分洪灾地区县级疾病预防控制机构救灾防病应急能力的强弱,具有较好的适用性和较高的可信度。
英文摘要:
      Objective To establish a comprehensive assessment model on the ability of emergency response within the public health system in flooding2prone areas. Methods A hierarchy process theory was used to establish the initial assessing framework. Delphi method was used to screen and choose the ultimate indicators and their weights before an assessment model was set up under the‘synthetic scored method’to assess the ability of the emergency response among twenty county public health units. We then used the‘analysis of variation (ANOVA) ’methodology to test the feasibility of distinguishing the ability of emergency response among different county health units and correlation analysis was used to assess theindependence of indicators in the assessing model. Results A comprehensive model was then established including twenty first2class indicators and fifty2six second2class indicators and the degree of ability to emergency response with flooding of public health units was evaluated. There were five public health units having higher, ten having moderate but five with lower levels on emergency response. The assessment model was proved to be a good method in differentiating the ability of public health units, using independent indicators. Conclusion  The assessment model which we established seemed to be practical and reliable.
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