文章摘要
应桂英,栾荣生.应对突发公共卫生事件中建立病例定义值得注意的问题[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(4):277-280
应对突发公共卫生事件中建立病例定义值得注意的问题
Study on physique index set for China children and adolescents
收稿日期:2005-08-25  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 腰围|腰围身高比|儿童青少年
英文关键词: Waist|Waist to height ratio|Childrenand adolescents
基金项目:“十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2009BAl80801)
作者单位
应桂英 成都市疾病预防控制中心 
栾荣生 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病学教研室 
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中文摘要:
      突发公共卫生事件(emergent events of public health)是指突然发生,造成或者可能造成社会公众健康严重损害的重大传染病疫情、群体性不明原因疾病、重大食物和职业中毒以及其他严重影响公众健康的事件。
英文摘要:
      Objective To provide data as age-gender dependent mean,standard deviation and percentile on height,weight,waist cirenmference(WC),hip circumference(HC), body mass index(BMI),waist hip ratio (WHR),waist to height ratio(WHtR)among 7—16 year-olds Chinesechildren and adolescents,towards setting up diagnostic criteria on metabolic syndrome for them.Methods A representative sample involving 22 197 children and adolescence aged 7 to 16 years were randomly surveyed and they were from 6 representative geographical areas,including Beijing,Tianjin, Hangzhou,Shahshai,Chongqing and Nanning.A total of 218 58 had availabledata,with male/female ratio as:114 60/103 98.Using the standard Methods,we measured height,weight,WC,HC,BMI,WHtR and other data in all age groups.Physique indexes among different geographic regions(North.Mid-westand East)were compared.Results(1)Both male and female showed all increasing trend of height,weight,waist circomference,hip circumference and BMI along with the increase of age.WHR of girlsd ecreased gradually from O.84 to 0.76 went from 7 to 16 years old while WHR of boys changed from O.87 to O.81 accordingly.(2)WHtR was rarely affected by age.It fluctuated between 0.42-0.43 in all girls and O.44_0.45 in boys less than 11 years.WHtR of boys older than 12 years showed a slightd ecline from O.45 to 0.42 of WHtlL(3)The average height,weight,BMI of children and adolescents from the northern regions(Bering,Tianjin)were significantlyhigher than that of the mid-western(Chongqing,Nanning)and the eastern regions(Shanghai Hangzhou)(PConclusion Reterence values and percentile curves for WC and WHtR of Chinese children and adolescents were provided.For the assessment of cemral obesity.WHtR had the advantages of relative stability and sinail degree of variation and rarely affected by age and gender,when compared with WC,and could be used as an simple index to reflect the central obesity of children and adolescents.
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