文章摘要
李佳萌,王伟.天津市大学生吸烟影响因素多水平模型分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(6):494-498
天津市大学生吸烟影响因素多水平模型分析
Multilevel model analysis on the influence of smoking among university students in Tianjin
投稿时间:2005-09-01  
DOI:
中文关键词: 吸烟;大学生;多水平模型;影响因素
英文关键词: Smoking;University students;Multinomial multilevel model;Influencing factors
基金项目:
作者单位
李佳萌 天津市卫生防病中心, 天津 300011 
王伟 天津医科大学卫生统计教研室 
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨在个人水平和班级水平上大学生吸烟的影响因素。方法通过随机整群抽样方法,抽取天津市12所大学24个班的大学生进行有关吸烟的知识、态度、行为的问卷调查。结果对743份大学生的有效问卷分析显示,大学生偶尔吸烟率为10.0%、经常吸烟率为7.4%、已经戒烟率为5.9%。经多水平模型分析,大学生偶尔吸烟和经常吸烟的影响因素为:性别(OR值分别为0.243和0.186)、心情(OR值分别为0,071和0.078)和周围环境中吸烟行为的多少(OR值分别为2.722和19.075);大学生已经戒烟的影响因素为:性别(OR值为0.180)、年龄(OR值为1.567)、大学生的心情(OR值为0,221)和周围环境中吸烟行为的多少(OR值为2.776)有关。结论可以根据大学生的不同情况采取不同的手段进行干预,降低吸烟行为的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the influencing factors of smoking among university students on individual and classes level by multilevel model and to identify high risk groups in order to develop pertinent prevention measures which can decrease smoking behavior among university students. Methods Self-reported data on knowledge, attitude and behavior on smoking coming from a randomly clustered sampling of 24 classes in students from 12 universities in Tianjin. Results Through analyses of 743 questionnaires from university students, we learned that the occasional smoking rate was 10.0%, the regular smoking rate was 7.4% and 5.9% had given up smoking. The influencing factors for students who smoked occasionally and regularily were gender( OR values were 0.243 and0.186), moods(OR values were 0.071 and0.078) and environment( OR values were 2. 722 and 19. 075). Gender( OR value was 0.180), age(OR value was 1.567), moods ( OR value was 0.221) and environment ( OR value was 2. 776) had positive influences on students in giving up their smoking behavior.Conclusion According to the different status of university students, different measures should be taken to prevent smoking and to change thier smoking behavior.
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