文章摘要
王硕,王滨有,宋翠萍,孙殿军,李伟伟,赵亚双,田文静,魏淑贞,刘盛元,彭崇,张宏霞.民众对突发公共卫生事件和SARS认知情况的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2006,27(6):503-507
民众对突发公共卫生事件和SARS认知情况的调查
Awareness on SARS and public health emergencies among general publics
投稿时间:2005-10-21  
DOI:
中文关键词: 严重急性呼吸综合征;突发公共卫生事件;民众
英文关键词: Sever acute respiratory syndrome;Public health emergencies;Citizen
基金项目:黑龙江省科技攻关资助项目(GC03X301-2)
作者单位E-mail
王硕 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
王滨有 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081 wangby@public.hr.hl.cn 
宋翠萍 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
孙殿军 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
李伟伟 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
赵亚双 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
田文静 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
魏淑贞 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
刘盛元 哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院, 哈尔滨 150081  
彭崇 黑龙江省绥化市西林区疾病预防控制中心  
张宏霞 加格达奇市疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨民众对突发公共卫生事件和SARS的认知状况。方法在黑龙江省哈尔滨市区及加格达奇地区城、乡进行整群抽样调查、发放调查问卷共2079份,以居住地的不同分为城市、城镇、农村三组,对问卷结果进行统计分析。结果通过对有效问卷2003份的分析,民众对突发公共卫生事件及SARS知识知晓情况良好,各项三地总认知率均超过60%。城市、城镇、农村三地民众在疫情发生时的心态普遍较为平和(71.7%),城市组对政府和媒体的好感度最高,71.8%将SARS的控制归功于政府的有效措施,65.0%的民众对政府处理危机的信心增加;而农村组对于医院和相关专业人员最为信赖。结论政府通过媒体和医疗等专业机构与民众及时、畅通的互动和沟通在突发公共卫生事件的应对中尤为重要,同时要加强经常性的突发事件宣传教育,增强民众的危机意识和公民责任感。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the awareness on sever acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and public health emergencies among general publics. Methods A cluster sampling method was implemented in Harbin and Jiagedaqi district of Daxinanling of Heilongjiang province. Research subjects were divided into three groups as city, township and rural areas and were given questionnaires to fill in. Data was analyzed with Epi-data and SPSS. Results 2003 available questionnaires were collected. The general publics well understood the knowledge on public health emergencies and the SARS with the whole recognition rate more than 60 percent. During the epidemics, people in city, town and countryside were calm(71.7%). The rates of attitude towards the government were significantly different among the subjects living with the city, town or rural areas. The city group expressed the highest favor to the government and media, 71.8% of them gave the credit on the control of SARS to the effective method taken by the government and 65.0% of them showed that they had enough confidence on the governmental ability of dealing with crises while the countryside group trusted the hospitals and relative specialists the most. Conclusion It is essential for the government to interact and communicate with the publics through media, medical and related institutions when confronting with the public health emergencies. Publicity on health knowledge and coping system on emergency should play key roles in the development of an effective public health system while the government should lead the battle.
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