文章摘要
许奕华,廖巧红,王重建,刘建平,向浩,冉鹏,何卫华,张晓东,金小舟,聂绍发.181例艾滋病患者高效抗逆转录病毒治疗效果评价[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(7):704-707
181例艾滋病患者高效抗逆转录病毒治疗效果评价
Evaluation on the highly active anti-retroviral therapy in 181 AIDS patients
收稿日期:2006-12-15  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 艾滋病  高效抗逆转录病毒治疗  临床依从性
英文关键词: AIDS  Highly active anti-retroviral therapy  Clinical compliance
基金项目:中英艾滋病策略支持项目(19513028)
作者单位E-mail
许奕华 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030 sf_nie@mails.tjmu.edu.cn 
廖巧红 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030  
王重建 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030  
刘建平 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030  
向浩 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030  
冉鹏 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030  
何卫华 湖北省随州市疾病预防控制中心  
张晓东 湖北省随州市疾病预防控制中心  
金小舟 湖北省随州市疾病预防控制中心  
聂绍发 华中科技大学同济医学院公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系, 武汉 430030  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨艾滋病患者经高效抗逆转录病毒疗法(HAART)治疗后所取得的临床效果.方法 采用流行病学描述性研究的方法,从5个纬度对湖北省随州市181例艾滋病患者治疗后临床症状、79例病毒载量和免疫功能的改变情况进行描述,用Epi Data双人录入数据,SPSS 13.0软件建立数据库,并进行统计学分析.结果 对不规则发热、咳嗽、腹泻、淋巴结肿大、体质量下降、皮疹、真菌感染有效率分别为81.39%、85.00%、84.62%、81.89%、82.86%、66.07%和45.45%.用药后CD4+T淋巴细胞计数明显升高,3个月CD4+T淋巴细胞计数平均为276×106/ml(65×106/ml~824×106/ml),上升129×106/ml.6个月CD4+T淋巴细胞计数平均为294×106/ml(102×106/ml~750×106/ml).用药后6个月与3个月相比较无明显变化.停药者中死亡人数14例,病死率29 79%;未停药者死亡人数3例,病死率2.24%.结论 HAART治疗可明显改善艾滋病患者的临床症状,有效降低病毒载量,提高临床依从性可降低病死率.
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the clinical effect under highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in AIDS patients and for improving the curative effect and prognosis.Methods Epidemiological method was used from five aspects to describe the post-treatment clinical symptoms of 181 AIDS patients in Suizhou,and to evaluate the change of virus load and immune function of 79 AIDS patients.Data was doubly recorded by Epi Data and database was set up by SPSS 13.0 for analysis.Results The effective powers of anomal-fever,cough,diarrhoea,lymphadenectasis,weight drop,erythra, mycotic infection were 81.39%,85.00%,84.62%,81.89%,82.86%,66.07% and 45.45% respectively.CD4~+ Tlymphocyte count rose obviously after treatment,with an averag of 276× 10~6 cells/ml (65× 10~6-824× 10~6 cells/ml),an 129× 10~6 cells/ml increase in three months and was 294× 10~6 cells/ml (102× 10~6-750× 10~6 cells/ml) in six months.The count change of CD4~+ T lymphocyte between 3 months and 6 months did not show sigificant difference.The number of deaths among drug withdrawals was 14, with a case fatality rate as 29.79%;while the number of deaths among non-drug withdrawals was 3,with the case fatality rate as 2.24%.Conclusion Results through this study showed that HAART could obviously improve the clinical symptom of AIDS patients,and to increase the number of virus load. Improving the compliance could also reduce the case fatality rate.
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