文章摘要
韩旻雁,陈维清,卢次勇,张彩霞,罗亦娟,邓雪清,凌文华.心理压力及疲劳对大学生不同吸烟行为的影响[J].中华流行病学杂志,2007,28(11):1069-1072
心理压力及疲劳对大学生不同吸烟行为的影响
Study on the impact of related psychological stress and fatigue to different smoking behaviOrs amongundergraduate students
投稿时间:2007-06-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 吸烟行为;心理压力;疲劳;大学生
英文关键词: Smoking behaviors; Psychological stress; Fatigue; Undergraduate students
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
韩旻雁 中山大学附属第六医院, 广州, 510655  
陈维清 中山大学公共卫生学院医学统计与流行病学系 chenwq@mail.sysuedu.Cn 
卢次勇 中山大学公共卫生学院医学统计与流行病学系  
张彩霞 中山大学公共卫生学院医学统计与流行病学系  
罗亦娟 中山大学公共卫生学院医学统计与流行病学系  
邓雪清 中山大学公共卫生学院医学统计与流行病学系  
凌文华 中山大学公共卫生学院营养学系  
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中文摘要:
      目的研究心理压力及疲劳对大学生不同吸烟行为的影响。方法采用整群抽样法抽取某大学1--3年级在校大学生8138名,以自填式结构问卷调查学生的心理压力、白身和同伴吸烟情况及社会经济学指标,Chalder疲劳量表测量其躯体和精神疲劳。以“从未吸烟者”作为对照组,分别以“尝试吸烟者”和“现吸烟者”作为病例组,进行Multinomial logistic回归分析心理压力及疲劳对大学生不同吸烟行为的影响。结果进人大学后仍有学生尝试或形成吸烟行为。调整社会经济学指标和同伴吸烟行为的影响后,躯体疲劳(OR = 1. 044, 95 % CI:1. 013--1. 075 )、对学业和未来工作的担心( OR =1. 020, 95 % CI :1. 001--1. 040)是男生尝试吸烟的危险因素;学习压力(OR = 1. 063, 95 % CI1.012--1.117)是女生尝试吸烟的危险因素;人际与环境压力(OR = 1.152, 95 % CI :1.012--1. 312 )是女生现吸烟的危险因素。结论心理压力及疲劳和大学生吸烟行为存在一定程度的关联,且对不同性别和不同吸烟行为的影响是不同的。
英文摘要:
      objective To expl。re the relati。nship between psychological stress,fatigue and differentsmoking behaviors among undergraduate students.methods Ⅵethods 8138 undergraduate students in grade 1 to 3were sampled with cluster sampling method from a comprehensive university in Guangzhou, and werestudied on their psychol。gical stress,peer and self smoking behaviors,as well as socio-demographic factorswith a self-administered questionnaire.Physical and mental fatigue was measured by Chalder fatigue scale.A multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the assOciation between psych01。gicalstress,fatigue and different smoking behaviors with‘n。n-smokers’ defined as control group while‘triers’and‘current smokers’ as case group, respectively. results There were students trying to smoke orbecoming current smokers on university campus. After adjusting the effect of relevant socio-demographicfactors and peer sm。king behavior,physical fatigue(oR=1.044,95%C,:1.013-1.075)and‘worryabout current academic and future work’(OR=1.020,95%CI:1.001-1.040)were the risk factors oftryirlg to smoke among male students,while‘study stress’(oR=1.063,95%Cj:1.012-1.117)was therisk fact。r for female students when start smoking. ‘Personnel relationship and environment stress’(0R=1.152,95%CI:1.012-1.312) were the risk factors fOr female students’ current smoking behavior.ConcIusion Psychological stress and fatigue were moderately associated with smoking behavior amongundergraduate students and the impact was different on different gender and smoking behaviors thatsuggesting that some specific psychological measures should be taken so as t。contr。l different sm。kingbehaviors among undergraduate students.
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