文章摘要
时颖,曾光,马会来,施国庆,钟豪杰,窦丰满,张萍,阮峰,张钧,孙辉.北京市流感大流行医疗救治能力评估:Flu Surge模型的应用及适用条件的初步探索[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(2):191-194
北京市流感大流行医疗救治能力评估:Flu Surge模型的应用及适用条件的初步探索
Assessment of current hospital capacity in Beijing in responding to potential innuenza pandemic:an application on Flu Surge model
收稿日期:2007-10-18  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 流行性感冒;大流行;Flu Surge模型
英文关键词: Influenza;Pandemic;Flu Surge model
基金项目:国家重点发展计划“863”计划资助项目(2003AA208406)
作者单位E-mail
时颖 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013 zeng4605@vip.sina.com 
曾光 中国疾病预防控制中心  
马会来 中国疾病预防控制中心  
施国庆 中国疾病预防控制中心  
钟豪杰 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013  
窦丰满 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013  
张萍 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013  
阮峰 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013  
张钧 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013  
孙辉 北京市疾病预防控制中心, 100013  
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中文摘要:
      根据Flu Surge模型估算的北京市应对流感大流行医疗救治能力结果对该模型的适用条件进行讨论,为科学运用该模型提供依据.通过对北京市医疗机构资源的调查,以Flu Surge模型估算流感大流行时各医疗机构的医疗救治能力,并结合北京市医疗机构实际情况对Flu Surge模型的适用条件进行初步探索.Flu Surge模型估算流感罹患率为35%时,北京市的流感患者将达到5 383 000人,就诊患者2 691 500例,住院治疗患者76 450例,死亡14 508例;需占用普通病床、ICU和呼吸机分别为8%、210%和128%.一、二、三级医疗机构每日每个门/急诊将分别达到1742、650和139例.现场调查医护人员流感防治知识技能正确率为63.4%,洗手方法正确率为73.5%,个人防护用品使用率为63.5%.以总床位数、内科床位数、呼吸科床位数估算床位使用率分别需要占用8%、35%和128%.结论 根据模型估算结果,北京市医疗机构应对流感大流行ICU和呼吸机数量不足.模型估算结果可作为参考依据,但需要结合实际情况进行分析,全面、客观的看待模型估算结果.
英文摘要:
      Based on the estimate results of the capacity and preparedness of Beijing hospitals to respond to pandemic influenza,using flu surge model to evaluate its applicable hypothesis and to provide government with sentient strategy in planning pandemic influenza.Through collection of medical resources information, we calculated the possible impaction on hospitals by Flu Surge model and explored the applicable hypothesis in model operation through a questionnaire, direct observation and group discussion in 3 hospitals in Beijing.Based on flu surge model estimation during a 6-week epidemic from a pandemic virus with 35 % attack rate, Beijing would have had an estimation of 5 383 000 influenza illnesses, 2 691 500 influenza autpatients, 76 450 influenza hospitalizations and 14 508 excess deaths.For a 6-week period with 35 % attack rate, there would be a peak demand for 8 % of beds, 210 % of ICU beds, and 128 % of ventilators estimated.Outpatients in different level hospital were quite disproportionated with 1742/ hospatail/day, 650/hospatail/day, and 139/hospatail/day respectively.The sampled health workers had a mastery of 63.4 % of the total knowledge and skills of diagnosing and treating of influenza, 73.5%of them washed their hands and 63.5%used PPE correctly.The total beds capacity, medical beds capacity and respiratory medical beds capacity would increase 8%,35 % and 128 % respectively.Conclusion The estimation results could be referenced when planning the pandemic strategy, but the results should be treated objective ly when considering the hypothesis and practical situation in this model being used.
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