文章摘要
杨坤,周晓农.景观流行病学研究现状及其进展[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(2):198-201
景观流行病学研究现状及其进展
The study on status and development of landscape epidemiology
投稿时间:2007-06-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 景观流行病学;研究
英文关键词: Landscape epidemiology;Study
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重大资助项目(30590373);江苏省卫生厅重点课题资助项目(H200625);江苏省社会发展基金资助项目(BS2007023)
作者单位
杨坤 中国疾病预防控制中心寄生虫病预防控制所, 上海 200025 
周晓农 中国疾病预防控制中心寄生虫病预防控制所, 上海 200025 
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中文摘要:
      人类的活动引起一系列传染病暴发、重现及改变地方病传播过程的研究越来越受到人们重视[1].一些土地使用的变化,包括森林砍伐、道路修建、农业活动、水坝修建、灌溉、海岸线退化、开矿等,其所带来的众多因素,如森林破碎化、病原体的输入、污染、贫穷、人口迁移等;加速了传染病的出现.
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the possible risk factors of congenital malformations in cities of Guangxi.Methods A case-control study was carried out on 281 cases of congenital malformations and 730 controls. Analysis of simple factor and multiple factors unconditional logistic regression were done.Results The analysis of simple factor and multiple factors showed that main risk factors of congenital malformations as multiple pregnancies (OR=2.6), pregnancy complications (OR=3.2), exposure to chemical substances before or during pregnancy (OR=3.0), taking sedatives (OR=10.2), hormone drug (OR=9.4) or Chinese herbal medicines (OR=2.5) during the early stage of pregnancy, mothers' blood type as AB (OR=3.5) or A (OR=2.2), mothers' emotion being nervous and melancholy (OR=2.6), mothers' occupation being workers (OR=3.8) or peasants (OR=3.0), fathers' exposure to noise (OR=5.7) or suffering from chronic diseases (OR=2.8).Conclusions Some risk factors were identified as having important effect on perinatal congenital malformations, including taking sedatives, hormone drug or Chinese herbal medicines during the early stage of pregnancy, mothers' emotion being nervous and melancholy,multiple pregnancies, pregnancy complications, exposure to chemical substances before or during pregnancies,mothers' blood type as AB or A, mothers' occupation being workers or peasants, fathers' exposure to noise or suffering from chronic diseases.
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