文章摘要
张衡,马军,宋逸,李研,宗树亭,肖峰,陈博文.北京市典型社区居民对环境与生活满意度和举办奥林匹克运动会满意度的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(8):778-782
北京市典型社区居民对环境与生活满意度和举办奥林匹克运动会满意度的调查
A follow-up study on the degree of satisfaction regarding environment, life style and the coming Olympic events in the inhabitants living in the typical communities of Beijing
投稿时间:2008-05-30  修订日期:2012-06-23
DOI:
中文关键词: 健康影响评价;健康环境;奥林匹克运动会满意度
英文关键词: Health impact assessment;Heahh-environment;Satisfaction degree of Olympic Games
基金项目:北京市科技计划基金资助项目(Z0004028040191)
作者单位E-mail
张衡 北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所,100191 majunt@bjmu.edu.en bowenc@126.corfl 
马军 北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所,100191  
宋逸 北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所,100191  
李研 北京市亚运村社区卫生服务中心 ,100191  
宗树亭 北京市亚运村社区卫生服务中心 ,100191  
肖峰 首都儿科研究所,100191  
陈博文 首都儿科研究所,100191  
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中文摘要:
      目的<\b>了解典型社区居民对北京市自然环境、社会环境等健康环境以及奥林匹克运动会(奥运会)影响的满意程度及对居民生活和健康的影响。方法<\b>2006年选择奥运会举办地北京市亚运村社区15周岁以卜常住居民进行入户问卷调查,获得有效问卷1610份。问卷包括一般信息、对健康环境指标的满意度评分、对生活满意度的评分、举办奥运会满意度的评分。结果<\b>典型社区居民对生活总体满意度、城市绿化、住房条件、饮用水质量的满意度分别50.43%、48.59%、38.95%、37.08%。居民对举办奥运会对国家的国际地位感、国家经济发展水平、居住环境、生活的满意度分别为65.53%、56.09%、47.27%、46.40%。偏相关分析显示,环境与生活满意度总分与举办奥运会满意度总分之间呈正相关(P<0.05);因子分析显示举办奥运会影响的10个条目可以用国家地位与生活影响和个人经济收入影响这两个因子来体现;多因素logistic回归分析显示,奥运会对个人经济收入的影响、奥运会对国家地位与生活影响及文化程度是环境与牛活满意度总分的独立影响因素(P结论<\b>居民对北京市城市绿化满意度较高,对其他领域的满意度较低;对举办奥运会给国家的国际地位感、国家经济发展水平、居住环境、个人生活带来的影响的满意度较高。
英文摘要:
      Objective To measure the degree of satisfaction on various environmental and health components and to discuss the impact of Olympic Games among the residents so as to make relative policy suggestions. Methods In 2006, permanent residents over 15 years old lived in the Asian Games Village Community (where the 29th Olympic Games to be held) were selected to conduct a household's survey,while 1610 valid questionnaires were collected. The questionnaire included demographic information,degrees of satisfaction on various health-related environmental components, living condition and on Olympic events. Results The top 4 aspects with the highest satisfaction rates were "overall rates of satisfaction on current life" "green space", "housing conditions" and "water quality", which were 50.43 %, 48.59 %,38.95 %, 37.08 %, respectively. Residents' satisfaction on "impact of hosting the Olympic Games on China' s international image", "China' s economic development level", "living conditions" and "personal life" were 65.53 %, 56.09 %, 47.27 %, 46.40 %, respectively. Data from partial correlation analysis showed that the total scores of satisfaction on environment and life had positive correlation with the total scores of Olympic satisfaction ( P < 0.05). The satisfaction degree on Olympic event through factor analysis showed that 10 entries of the Olympic impact could be reflected by two factors -- the influence of image to the nation and impact on personal income. Logistic regression showed that the impact of Olympic Games on personal income, the impact of Olympic Games on the image of the nation and standard of living, gender,education level were independent influencing factors of the total scores of environment and life satisfaction (P < 0.05). Conclusion Other than "green space", most of health-related environment components of Beijing had low degree of satisfaction among inhabitants from the 'typical' communities in Beijing.However, residents had a higher degree of satisfaction on the impact of the Olympic Games to the country's image, the country's economic development level, the environment and personal standard of living.
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