文章摘要
张国平,白萍,史艳,徐保红,侯书恒.石家庄市2006—2007年流感疫情暴发分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(8):831
石家庄市2006—2007年流感疫情暴发分析
Making nomogram to estimate the population attributable fraction
投稿时间:2007-12-21  修订日期:2012-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 人群归因分值;人群暴露比例;相对危险度;列线图
英文关键词: Mycobacterium tuberculosis;Nitrate reductases;Microbial sensititrity tests
基金项目:广东省医学科研基金立项课题(A1997500)
作者单位
张国平 石家庄市疾病预防控制中心,050011 
白萍 石家庄市疾病预防控制中心,050011 
史艳 石家庄市疾病预防控制中心,050011 
徐保红 石家庄市疾病预防控制中心,050011 
侯书恒 石家庄市中医院,050011 
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中文摘要:
      对石家庄市20062007年19起流感疫情暴发的监测资料进行分析,探讨全市流感活动状况。所有咽拭子标本均来自19个疫点的流感样患者,流感样病例均根据“全国流感/人禽流感监测实施方案”确定,并在24h内进行流感病毒分离。检测方法参照“流感及其实验技术”和“全国流感监测实施方案”进行。标本采用狗。肾传代细胞(MDCK)分离培养,每份标本接种2瓶细胞,传两代,特殊情况传三至四代。连传两代都为血凝阴性者,视为病毒分离阴性弃掉。
英文摘要:
      Objective To establish a rapid method for testing drug sussceptibility on Mycobacterium tuberculosis.Methods Taking absolute Concentration method for drug susceptibility testing of M.tuberculosis as the"gold standard",we examined the drug-resistant of M.tuberculosis strain with nitrate reducrase assay (NRA) and the drug-resistant of M.tuberculosis germ in sputum with NRA. Results NRA and absolute concentration method was basically comparable with NRA susceptibility as 96.5% and the specificity was 100%,When comparing with traditional absolute concentration method, NRA could shorten the time about 3 weeks.Using NRA to test the drug-resistant of M.tuberculosis germ in sputum,its susceptibility was more than 66.7% and specificity was 100%,within 10-20 days. Conclusion NRA could be used as a rapid drug susceptibility testing on M.tuberculosis.
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