文章摘要
吕晓娟,徐丹,陈志敏.杭州地区儿童常见呼吸道病毒感染流行病学特征分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(8):846-847
杭州地区儿童常见呼吸道病毒感染流行病学特征分析
Epidemiological characteristics of viral respiratory tract infections in children in Hangzhou
投稿时间:2008-02-21  
DOI:
中文关键词: 呼吸道病毒;流行病学特征
英文关键词: Respiratory virus;Epidemiological characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重大资助项目(30590373);江苏省卫生厅重点课题资助项目(H200625);江苏省社会发展基金资助项目(BS2007023)
作者单位
吕晓娟 310021杭州,浙江大学医学院附属儿童医院第一作者现工作单位:311201杭州,浙江萧山医院 
徐丹 310021杭州,浙江大学医学院附属儿童医院第一作者现工作单位:311201杭州,浙江萧山医院 
陈志敏 310021杭州,浙江大学医学院附属儿童医院第一作者现工作单位:311201杭州,浙江萧山医院 
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中文摘要:
      为了解近年来杭州地区小儿呼吸道病毒感染的流行情况,将2004—2006年对25955例下呼吸道感染住院患儿呼吸道标本病原学检测结果<\b>分析报道如下。1.对象与方法:研究对象为2004年1月1日至2006年12月31日在儿童医院因下呼吸道感染住院的患儿。病毒抗原检测试剂盒Respiratory panel I Kit购自Chemicon international,CA,主要包括下列组分:荧光标记病毒单克隆抗体(RSV、ADV、FLU、PIV)
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the possible risk factors of congenital malformations in cities of Guangxi.Methods A case-control study was carried out on 281 cases of congenital malformations and 730 controls. Analysis of simple factor and multiple factors unconditional logistic regression were done.Results The analysis of simple factor and multiple factors showed that main risk factors of congenital malformations as multiple pregnancies (OR=2.6), pregnancy complications (OR=3.2), exposure to chemical substances before or during pregnancy (OR=3.0), taking sedatives (OR=10.2), hormone drug (OR=9.4) or Chinese herbal medicines (OR=2.5) during the early stage of pregnancy, mothers' blood type as AB (OR=3.5) or A (OR=2.2), mothers' emotion being nervous and melancholy (OR=2.6), mothers' occupation being workers (OR=3.8) or peasants (OR=3.0), fathers' exposure to noise (OR=5.7) or suffering from chronic diseases (OR=2.8).Conclusions Some risk factors were identified as having important effect on perinatal congenital malformations, including taking sedatives, hormone drug or Chinese herbal medicines during the early stage of pregnancy, mothers' emotion being nervous and melancholy,multiple pregnancies, pregnancy complications, exposure to chemical substances before or during pregnancies,mothers' blood type as AB or A, mothers' occupation being workers or peasants, fathers' exposure to noise or suffering from chronic diseases.
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