文章摘要
彭喜春,罗家有,姚宽保,胡茹珊,杜其云,朱明元.湖南省四县市774名农村留守儿童照顾与营养问题的现况研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(9):860-864
湖南省四县市774名农村留守儿童照顾与营养问题的现况研究
The status on care and nutrition of 774 children staying in rural areas while parents were in towns
收稿日期:2008-03-26  出版日期:2014-09-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 儿童,农村留守|营养|照顾
英文关键词: Rural left-behind children|Nutrition|Care
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
彭喜春 410008 长沙, 中南大学公共卫生学院  
罗家有 410008 长沙, 中南大学公共卫生学院 Jiayouluo@126.com 
姚宽保 湖南省卫生厅妇幼保健与社会卫生处  
胡茹珊 湖南省卫生厅妇幼保健与社会卫生处  
杜其云 湖南省妇幼保健院  
朱明元 410008 长沙, 中南大学公共卫生学院  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解农村留守儿童照顾与营养现况,为留守儿童营养干预工程提供科学依据。方法 采用横断面调查方法,对随机选择的7岁以下留守儿童和对照儿童各774名进行调查。调查方法主要包括问卷、食物摄入频率调查、体格测量和实验室检查。结果留守儿童一日三餐保障、日常饮食与营养专人照顾均不及对照儿童(X2=6.671,P=0.036;X2=15.053,P=0.001);留守儿童母乳喂养率与母乳喂养持续时间均低于对照儿童(X2=5.051,P=0.031;t=-7.201,P=0.001);留守儿童<2岁组奶豆类摄人量和2~4岁组粮谷类摄入量均低于对照儿童(t=-2.150,P=0.032;t=-2.054,P=0.040);留守儿童贫血患病率(31.1%)高于对照儿童(26.2%)(X2=4.560,P=0.033)。结论留守儿童一日三餐保障和营养与饮食专人照顾有待改善,营养相关的健康状况不容乐观,应引起社会广泛关注,并采取有效措施,提高农村留守儿童生活质量。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the status on care and nutrition of children living in the rural areas (so called 'left-behind' children) while their parents were seeking for jobs in the urban areas. Methods Cross-sectional study was employed in this investigation.The group of‘left-behind' children (n=774) and the comparison group (n=774) were identified.The ascertainment methods mainly included questionnaire,anthropometries measurements,food-frequency,and laboratory examination.Results be poorly attended (X2=6.671,P=0.036;X2=15.053,P=0.001 ).Mothers who chose to work outside of their households would tend to choose bottle-feeding or decrease the duration of breastfeeding for their infants (X2=5.051,P=0.031;t=-7.201,P=0.001).The intake of milk and bean products in children were obviously lower than that seen in the control group (t=-2.150,P=0.032 ;t=-2.054,significant difference when comparing with the control group (X2=4.560,P=0.033 ).Conclusion communities,parents and extended families would facilitate more attention and effective intervention programs to improve the situation.
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