文章摘要
张维森,江朝强,林大庆,孔聪,肖吕武,郑家强.广州市工厂职工吸烟行为与尼古丁依赖性调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2008,29(11):1061-1063
广州市工厂职工吸烟行为与尼古丁依赖性调查
A cross-sectional study on smoking behavior and nicotine dependence among workers in Guangzhou
收稿日期:2008-06-01  出版日期:2014-09-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 吸烟;戒烟;尼古丁依赖
英文关键词: Smoking;Cessation smoking;Nicotine dependence
基金项目:
作者单位
张维森 广州市职业病防治院职业卫生评价检测中心, 510620
 
江朝强 广州市职业病防治院职业卫生评价检测中心, 510620
 
林大庆 香港大学公共卫生学院社会医学系
 
孔聪 广州市职业病防治院职业健康监护中心, 510620
 
肖吕武 广州市职业病防治院职业健康监护中心, 510620
 
郑家强 Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, the University of Birmingham 
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查工厂职工吸烟行为和尼古丁依赖性,为控烟提供科学依据.方法 横断面调查广州市668名不同工作类型工厂职J二的吸烟行为和尼古丁依赖性,后者采用国际问卷FTND进行评价;尼古丁依赖性与某些因素的相关性采用logistic回归分析.结果 (1)曾吸烟率男性65.0%(348/535,其中经常吸55.5%,偶吸5.4%,戒烟4.1%),女性3.0%(4/133);男性一线工人、安全主任目前吸烟率分别为67.6%和64.5%.(2)男性经常吸和偶吸者轻度尼古丁依赖分别占66.7%和89.7%;经常吸烟者烟龄越长尼古丁依赖性越高,一线工人和安全主任尼古丁依赖性较高.结论 男性工人和安全主任的吸烟率较高,但轻度尼古丁依赖者占大部分,可作为首期戒烟干预的首选对象.
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate smoking behavior and nicotine dependence (ND), so as to provide evidence for tobacco control in workers. Methods A cross-sectional study to investigate smoking behavior and ND in 668 workers with different job assignment in Guangzhou. Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and logistic regression model were used to analyze the association between ND and some risk factors. Results (1) The prevalence of ever-smoking was 65.0 % ( 348/535 ) in men ( 55.5 % daily smokers, 5.4% occasional smokers and 4.1% ex-smokers), and 3.0% (4/133) in women. The prevalence of current smoking for manual workers and safety officers were 67.6 % and 64.5 % respectively.(2) Among daily and occasional smokers, 66.7% and 89.7% of them had low ND respectively. Among daily smokers, ND increased with the duration of smoking. Manual workers and officers had higher ND. Conclusion The prevalence of smoking was relatively high in workers and officers and in men. However,majority of the smokers were with low ND and could be the prioritized target for a primary smoking cessation intervention program.
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