文章摘要
覃玉,武鸣,杨婕,周金意,向全永,陶然,韩仁强,潘晓群,林萍,VirginiaRoutley,JoanOzanne-Smith.南京市2005-2007年机动车驾乘人员安全带佩戴情况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2009,30(5):459-461
南京市2005-2007年机动车驾乘人员安全带佩戴情况调查
Study on the situation of seat belt wearing among drivers and front-seat passengers of vehicles in Nanjing in 2005 - 2007
收稿日期:2008-12-19  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 道路交通伤害;机动车;安全带
英文关键词: Road traffic injuries;Vehicle;Seat belt
基金项目:世界银行和江苏省医学135重点人才研究基金(RC200390)
作者单位
覃玉 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
武鸣 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
杨婕 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
周金意 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
向全永 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
陶然 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
韩仁强 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
潘晓群 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
林萍 江苏省疾病预防控制中心, 南京 210009 
VirginiaRoutley MonashUniversity Accident Research Centre, Australia 
JoanOzanne-Smith MonashUniversity Accident Research Centre, Australia 
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中文摘要:
      目的调查道路安全法或条例出台3年后南京市机动车驾乘人员安全佩戴情况。方法在市区内选取4个观察点,在不同时间段对出租车、小轿车(8座以内)、厢式小货车和"皮卡"4种车型的司机和前排乘车人安全带的佩戴情况进行观察。结果2005-2007年共观察35256辆车辆和司机,以及15772名前排乘车人。其中司机安全带佩戴率为49。9%,不佩戴率和假戴率分别为44。1%和4。6%;乘车人安全带佩戴率为9。1%,不佩戴率90。9%。在调整了性别、车型等因素后,3年来无论是司机还是前排乘车人安全带佩戴率均呈现下降趋势(P<0。01),司机不佩戴安全带会增加前排乘车人不佩戴的风险(OR=8。10,P<0。01)。结论现有法律或条例在司机和乘牟人佩戴安全带方面并无具体的规定,妨碍了法律或条例的有效执行。
英文摘要:
      Objective To find out the situation of seat belt wearing among drivers and passengers in Nanjing after the National Road Traffic Safety Law and its Ordinance had been issued for 3 years, in Jiangsu province.Methods Situation on seat belt wearing among drivers and front passengers on four types of vehicles including taxi, cars (below 8 seats), vans and pickups was studied during different time blocks at 4 sites in the city.Results A total number of 35 256 vehicles, their drivers and another 15 772 passengers sitting in the front, were observed. The prevalence rates of seat belt wearing, not wearing and pretend wearing among drivers were 49.9%, 44.1%, and 4.6% respectively while among front-seat passengers were 9.1% and 90.9% respectively. There were significantly declining trends in seat belt wearing among both drivers and front-seat passengers during the 3-years of observation, after adjustment by sex, types of vehicles and other factors (P<0.01). Risk of not wearing among front seat passengers was higher for those 'not-wearing' drivers (OR=8.10, P<0.01).Conclusion Neither the current law nor ordinance in Jiangsu province gives detailed regulations on seat belt wearing, which hampers the effective enforcement.
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