文章摘要
江朝强,徐琳,林大庆,张维森,刘斌,林洁明,岳晓军,靳雅丽,GNeilThomas.国际体力活动问卷中体力活动强度对中老年人糖尿病患病率的影响[J].中华流行病学杂志,2009,30(5):462-465
国际体力活动问卷中体力活动强度对中老年人糖尿病患病率的影响
Effect of physical activity strength on the diabetes mellitus prevalence in the elderly under the in fleuce of International Physical Activity Questionnaire
收稿日期:2008-12-12  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 糖尿病;患病率;国际体力活动问卷;中老年人
英文关键词: Diabetes mellitus;Prevalence;International Physical Activity Questionnaire;Older adults
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(30518001/CO301070202);香港研究资助局资助项目(N-HKU720/05)
作者单位E-mail
江朝强 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
徐琳 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
林大庆 香港大学公共卫生学院 hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hk 
张维森 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
刘斌 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
林洁明 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
岳晓军 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
靳雅丽 广州市第十二人民医院, 510620  
GNeilThomas 香港大学公共卫生学院  
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中文摘要:
      目的采用国际体力活动问卷(IPAQ)评价广州市中老年人体力活动状况对糖尿病患病率的影响。方法2006年11月至2007年9月从"广州生物库队列研究"第三期招募研究对象中随机选出1996名年龄≥50岁的广州市居民,进行包括详细的生活方式、疾病史等调查,以及身高、体重、腰围、臀围和空腹血糖及葡萄糖耐量等指标的测量和检测。采用IPAQ调查并评价受检者体力活动状况。结果共1932名(96。8%)受试者接受IPAQ体力活动调查,其中体力活动活跃(60。0%)、充分(中等,29。8%)和不足者(10。2%)糖尿病患病率分别为9。1%、12。0%和14。2%。多因素logistic回归分析,在调整了年龄、性别、肥胖等多种潜在混杂因素之后,相对体力活动不足组,体力活动充分和活跃组患糖尿病的OR值分别为0。75(95%CI:0。46~1。26)和0。60(95%CI:0。38~0。97),趋势分析P=0。03。结论经常性的适度体力活动有助于降低中老年人糖尿病患病风险。
英文摘要:
      Objective To examine the impact of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) physical activity intensity on to the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Chinese elderly.Methods A total number of 1996 residents aged 50 or above living in Guangzhou city were recruited from the phase 3 of the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study. Information on physical activity and fasting plasma glucose status was derived from standardized interviews and laboratory assays.Results Among the participants who were classified as physically active (60.0%), moderate active (29.8%) and inactive (10.2%), the prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus were 9.1%, 12.0%and 14.2%,respectively. After adjustment on age, sex, obesity and other potential confounding factors, data from logistic regression model showed that the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for diabetes on subjects in physically moderate active and active group were 0.75 (0.46-1.26)and 0.60 (0.38-0.97) respectively with P for trend as 0.03, when comparing to those physically inactive ones.Conclusion Promotion of physical activity might have had some effects in reducing the risk of diabetes mellitus among the older adults.
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