文章摘要
朱晓霞,陈坤,刘庆敏,施文英,项海青,方顺源,李莉.杭州市民工子弟学生伤害危险因素的logistic回归分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2009,30(9):911-914
杭州市民工子弟学生伤害危险因素的logistic回归分析
Study on the risk factors of injuries among children at school age。from the families of migrantworkers in Hangzhou city
投稿时间:2009-01-13  
DOI:
中文关键词: 伤害;危险因素;Logistic回归;民工子弟;学生
英文关键词: injury;Risk factor;Logistic regression;Children of migrant workers;School children
基金项目:
作者单位
朱晓霞 杭州市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治所 310006 
陈坤 浙江大学公共卫生学院 
刘庆敏 杭州市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治所 310006 
施文英 杭州市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治所 310006 
项海青 杭州市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治所 310006 
方顺源 杭州市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治所 310006 
李莉 杭州市疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治所 310006 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解杭州市民工子弟学龄儿童伤害的危险因素。方法以分层随机整群抽样的方法抽取杭州市8所中小学校(4所民工子弟学校、4所本地学校)的3582名学生开展问卷调查。对资料数据进行单因素和多因素非条件logistic回归分析。结果民工子弟学生和本地户籍学生的伤害总发生率无差异,但多发性伤害的发生率民工子弟学生高于本地户籍学生。民工子弟小学生的触电发生率、初中男生的溺水发生率以及初中女生的烫伤、刀割伤、碰撞伤和触电发生率均高于本地同类学生。对总伤害多因素分析结果显示性别(OR=1.20)、年龄(6~9岁:OR=0.70,10~12岁:OR=1.45)、喜欢打乒乓球(0尺=1.35)、曾被宠物伤过(0R=1.41)、会游泳(0尺=1.22)、从没被他人威胁过(OR=O.68)、家庭关系和睦(OR=O.69)、住房性质为自有房(OR=O.76)等是影响伤害的主要因素;多发性伤害及其他各类伤害的影响因素与伤害影响因素基本一致,为个性行为及家庭社会环境。结论民工子弟学生的个性行为习惯和家庭社会环境是影响其伤害发生的主要因素。某些个性行为易导致伤害的发生,而良好的家庭社会环境有利于减少民工子弟学生伤害的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the risk factors of injuries among school aged childrenfrom migrant workers’families.in Hangzhou.Methods A cross.sectional survey on 3582 students from eight set'arate schools in which.four were set for migrant workers’families and the other four were for families of permanent residents.Stratified cluster random sampling method was used.Data was analyzed by unconditional univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods under SPSS l 3.0.Results 111e incidence rate of iniury did not show statistical difference between children of migrant workers or from the permanent residents.The incidence rate of multiple injuries was higher in children from the migrant workers’families.The incidence rates OH electric shock occurred at theprimary school,drowning among boys at the secondary school and scald/crash/cutting by knives in girls at secondary schools were seen higher among children from the of migrant workers.Results from multivariate analysis showed that factors as gender(OR=1.20),age(6-9 years:OR=O.70,10-12 years:OR=1.45),f.ond of playing Pingpong(OR=1.35),history of injuries by pets(OR=1.41),skills On swimming(OR=1.22),n.o history of being threatened(OR=0.68),having harmonious family relations(f)R=0.69)and owning a house by family(0R=0.76)appeared to be the major one that related to the occurrence of injury.Conclusion Personal behavior as well as family and social enVironment seemed to be factors affecting the occurrence of injuries among children from the migrant workers’families.
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