文章摘要
张婷,曾婷婷,吕筠,曹卫华.河南省农村HIV感染者/艾滋病患者社会支持类型与支持者角色的对应分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2010,31(4):417-420
河南省农村HIV感染者/艾滋病患者社会支持类型与支持者角色的对应分析
Correspondence analysis on the types of social support and the role of the supporters towards people living with HIV/AIDS in rural areas, Henan province
收稿日期:2009-11-06  出版日期:2014-09-12
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2010.04.013
中文关键词: 社会支持|社会网络|对应分析|HIV/AIDS
英文关键词: Social support|Social network|Correspondence analysis|Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquared immune deficiency syndrom
基金项目:2009年第六轮中国全球基金艾滋病项目(LF-011)
作者单位E-mail
张婷 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室, 100191  
曾婷婷 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室, 100191  
吕筠 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室, 100191  
曹卫华 北京大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室, 100191 caoweihua60@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解河南省农村地区HIV感染者, 艾滋病患者(HIV/AIDS)所接受到的社会支持类型与支持者角色之间的对应关系。方法选取河南省某个以采供血为HIV主要传播途径的农村地区为研究现场, 随机抽取该地区HIV/AIDS存活者为研究对象。设计个体网络分析范式下的社会支持问卷并进行面访式调查, 用对应分析方法分析社会支持类型与支持者角色之间的关系。结果 调查获得有效问卷204份。对调查得到的2227对社会支持类型与支持者角色之间的对应关系进行分析发现, 配偶对调查对象的支持主要是照料日常生活和陪伴就医; 调查对象主要与父母、子女讨论重大问题和聊天, 对他们最为信任; 借钱和帮忙主要找兄弟姐妹或其他亲属; 非亲属是社会交往、外出和借东西的主要对象。结论 在河南省农村地区, 不同的社会支持者角色对应特定的社会支持类型。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the relationship between types of social support and roles of supporters, on people living with HIV/AIDS, in rural areas of Henan province. Methods A rural area from Henan province where the main route of HIV transmission was through blood collection was selected as the research site. Survivors registered in that area were randomly selected as subjects. Questionnaire on social support related to social network analysis paradigmwas designed and face-to-face interview was used to collect information. Correspondence analysis method was adopted to analyze the relationship between types of social support and roles of social supporters. Results 204 questionnaires were sorted out with 2227 pairs of bind between types of social support and roles of social supporters analyzed. According to scatter plot of row and column points, our data showed that support from the spouses was mainly associated with caring for daily life and companionship for medical treatment on the patients. The research subjects stated that they would primarily discuss over the major issues or chat with their parents and children as they were the ones that they could trust the most. However, they would turn to their brothers, sisters or other relatives to borrow money or asking for other kinds of help. Non-relatives were the resources on social interaction, 1ike going-out together or borrowing life necessities. Conclusion Supporters with different social roles on HIV/AIDS issues, appeared to be corresponded to specific types of social support in rural areas of Henan province.
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